Rocketing into the record books, Valentina Tereshkova - a former textile worker from the Soviet Union - became the first female to leave our planet. Aboard Vostok 6 in June 1963, Tereshkova - code name Seagull - was given the mission of performing the first docking manoeuvre with another spaceship.
Tereshkova had dreamed of going into space as soon as she first discovered that it was possible. By 2000 she had completed 23 circuits of the globe - one more than the longest-flying US spaceman, Gordon Cooper.
Tools designed to ensure computer code in smart cars does not crash has been inspired by hungry penguins.
The rounded sleeping capsules send guests drifting into ocean before arriving on desert island by morning.
Sitting on the saddle activates the part of the brain responsible for learning, a study has claimed.
Scientists are appealing for more people to donate their brains for research after they die.
Life on Earth may have arrived from Mars on an asteroid, scientists have claimed.
Lunar mission scheduled at the end of 2017 could find out if beer can be brewed on the moon.
A bottle used to teach children how far litter can travel ended up on Scottish beach after 8,700-mile journey.
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