A subgroup of the gnat family. Only the females bite.Where?:
Throughout the UK but notoriously in Scotland. Worst on damp and cloudy days.Bites:
Usually bite at dusk and dawn, piercing the skin and pumping saliva into the wound to prevent clotting. This induces a minor allergic response, causing itching and swelling.Protection:
Insect repellents containing DEET (Diethyl Toluamide) are effective.
Because midges send out pheromones to alert others to a feeding site, you are likely to suffer multiple bites. Don't carry diseases fatal to mankind.Danger rating:
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