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This Day On History
Date Description Type
12th of April 0238 EVENT Gordian II lost the Battle of Carthage against the Numidian forces loyal to Maximinus Thrax and is killed. Gordian I, his father, commits suicide.
12th of April 0467 EVENT Anthemius is elevated to Emperor of the Western Roman Empire.
12th of April 1204 EVENT The Crusaders of the Fourth Crusade breach the walls of Constantinople and enter the city, which they completely occupy the following day.
12th of April 1557 EVENT Cuenca is founded in Ecuador.
12th of April 1606 EVENT The Union Flag is adopted as the flag of Great Britain.
12th of April 1633 EVENT The formal inquest of Galileo Galilei by the Inquisition begins.
12th of April 1776 EVENT American Revolution: With the Halifax Resolves, the North Carolina Provincial Congress authorizes its Congressional delegation to vote for independence from Britain.
12th of April 1820 EVENT Alexander Ypsilantis is declared leader of Filiki Eteria, a secret organization to overthrow Ottoman rule over Greece.
12th of April 1831 EVENT Soldiers marching on the Broughton Suspension Bridge in Manchester, England cause it to collapse.
12th of April 1861 EVENT American Civil War: The war begins with Confederate forces firing on Fort Sumter, in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina.
12th of April 1862 EVENT American Civil War: The Andrews Raid (the Great Locomotive Chase) occurred, starting from Big Shanty (now Kennesaw), Georgia.
12th of April 1864 EVENT American Civil War: The Fort Pillow massacre: Confederate forces kill most of the African American soldiers that surrendered at Fort Pillow, Tennessee.
12th of April 1865 EVENT American Civil War: Mobile, Alabama, falls to the Union Army.
12th of April 1877 EVENT The United Kingdom annexes the Transvaal.
12th of April 1910 EVENT The SMS Zrinyi, one of the last pre-dreadnoughts built by the Austro-Hungarian Navy, is launched.
12th of April 1917 EVENT World War I: Canadian forces successfully complete the taking of Vimy Ridge from the Germans.
12th of April 1927 EVENT April 12 Incident: Chiang Kai-shek orders the Communist Party of China members executed in Shanghai, ending the First United Front.
12th of April 1934 EVENT The strongest surface wind gust in the world at 231 mph, is measured on the summit of Mount Washington, New Hampshire.
12th of April 1934 EVENT The U.S. Auto-Lite Strike begins, culminating in a five-day melee between Ohio National Guard troops and 6,000 strikers and picketers.
12th of April 1935 EVENT First flight of the Bristol Blenheim.
12th of April 1937 EVENT Sir Frank Whittle ground-tests the first jet engine designed to power an aircraft, at Rugby, England.
12th of April 1945 EVENT U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt dies while in office; vice-president Harry Truman is sworn in as the 33rd President.
12th of April 1954 EVENT Bill Haley & His Comets record "Rock Around the Clock" in New York City.
12th of April 1955 EVENT The polio vaccine, developed by Dr. Jonas Salk, is declared safe and effective.
12th of April 1961 EVENT The Russian (Soviet) cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin becomes the first human to travel into outer space and perform the first manned orbital flight, in Vostok 3KA-2 (Vostok 1).
12th of April 0812 BIRTHDAY Muhammad at-Taqi, Muslim Shia Imam (d. 835)
12th of April 1484 BIRTHDAY Antonio da Sangallo the Younger, Italian architect (d. 1546)
12th of April 1500 BIRTHDAY Joachim Camerarius, German classical scholar (d. 1574)
12th of April 1526 BIRTHDAY Muretus, French humanist (d. 1585)
12th of April 1550 BIRTHDAY Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, English politician (d. 1604)
12th of April 1577 BIRTHDAY King Christian IV of Denmark and Norway (d. 1648)
12th of April 1705 BIRTHDAY William Cookworthy, English chemist (d. 1780)
12th of April 1713 BIRTHDAY Guillaume Thomas Francois Raynal, French writer (d. 1796)
12th of April 1722 BIRTHDAY Pietro Nardini, Italian composer (d. 1793)
12th of April 1724 BIRTHDAY Lyman Hall, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (d. 1790)
12th of April 1748 BIRTHDAY Antoine Laurent de Jussieu, French botanist (d. 1836)
12th of April 1777 BIRTHDAY Henry Clay, American statesman (d. 1852)
12th of April 1792 BIRTHDAY John George Lambton, 1st Earl of Durham, Governor General of British North America (d. 1840)
12th of April 1794 BIRTHDAY Germinal Pierre Dandelin, Belgian mathematician (d. 1847)
12th of April 1796 BIRTHDAY George N. Briggs, 19th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1861)
12th of April 1799 BIRTHDAY Henri Druey, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 1855)
12th of April 1823 BIRTHDAY Alexander Ostrovsky, Russian dramatist (d. 1886)
12th of April 1839 BIRTHDAY Nikolai Przhevalsky, Russian explorer (d. 1888)
12th of April 1848 BIRTHDAY Jose Gautier Benitez, Puerto Rican poet (d. 1880)
12th of April 1851 BIRTHDAY Edward Walter Maunder, English astronomer (d. 1928)
12th of April 1852 BIRTHDAY Ferdinand von Lindemann, German mathematician (d. 1939)
12th of April 1856 BIRTHDAY William Martin Conway, English art critic and mountaineer (d. 1937)
12th of April 1866 BIRTHDAY Princess Viktoria of Prussia (d. 1929)
12th of April 1868 BIRTHDAY Akiyama Saneyuki, Japanese naval commander (d. 1918)
12th of April 1869 BIRTHDAY Henri Desire Landru, French serial killer (d. 1922)
12th of April 1871 BIRTHDAY Ioannis Metaxas, Greek general and dictator (d. 1941)
12th of April 1883 BIRTHDAY Dally Messenger, Australian rugby league footballer (d. 1959)
12th of April 1884 BIRTHDAY Otto Meyerhof, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate (d. 1951)
12th of April 1884 BIRTHDAY Tenby Davies, Welsh runner (d. 1932)
12th of April 1887 BIRTHDAY Harold Lockwood, American actor (d. 1918)
12th of April 1888 BIRTHDAY Heinrich Neuhaus, Soviet musician (d. 1964)
12th of April 1892 BIRTHDAY Johnny Dodds, American musician (d. 1940)
12th of April 1893 BIRTHDAY Robert Harron, American actor (d. 1920)
12th of April 1894 BIRTHDAY Francisco Craveiro Lopes, 13th President of Portugal (d. 1964)
12th of April 1898 BIRTHDAY Lily Pons, American soprano (d. 1976)
12th of April 1901 BIRTHDAY Lowell Stockman, American representative (d. 1962)
12th of April 1902 BIRTHDAY Louis Beel, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (d. 1977)
12th of April 1903 BIRTHDAY Jan Tinbergen, Dutch economist, Nobel laureate (d. 1994)
12th of April 1907 BIRTHDAY Hardie Gramatky, American author and animator (d. 1979)
12th of April 1907 BIRTHDAY Felix de Weldon, Austrian-born sculptor (d. 2003)
12th of April 1908 BIRTHDAY Robert Lee Scott, Jr., American pilot (d. 2006)
12th of April 1908 BIRTHDAY Ida Crowe Pollock, English writer
12th of April 1911 BIRTHDAY Mahmoud Younis, Suez Canal engineer (d. 1976)
12th of April 1912 BIRTHDAY Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX, Second Vice President of Indonesia (d. 1988)
12th of April 1912 BIRTHDAY Walt Gorney, American actor (d. 2004)
12th of April 1913 BIRTHDAY Keiko Fukuda, Japanese-born American martial artist
12th of April 1914 BIRTHDAY Armen Alchian, American economist
12th of April 1916 BIRTHDAY Benjamin Libet, American scientist (d. 2007)
12th of April 1916 BIRTHDAY Beverly Cleary, American writer
12th of April 1917 BIRTHDAY Helen Forrest, American singer (d. 1999)
12th of April 1919 BIRTHDAY Billy Vaughn, American musician and bandleader (d. 1991)
12th of April 1921 BIRTHDAY Robert Cliche, Quebec politician and magistrate (d. 1978)
12th of April 1923 BIRTHDAY Ann Miller, American actor and dancer (d. 2004)
12th of April 1924 BIRTHDAY Peter Safar, Austrian physician (d. 2003)
12th of April 1924 BIRTHDAY Raymond Barre, French politician and Prime Minister (d. 2007)
12th of April 1925 BIRTHDAY Joe Bowman, American sharpshooter, Hollywood consultant, bootmaker & master showman (d. 2009)
12th of April 1928 BIRTHDAY Hardy Kruger, German actor
12th of April 1928 BIRTHDAY Jean-Francois Paillard, French conductor
12th of April 1929 BIRTHDAY Mukhran Machavariani, Georgian poet (d. 2010)
12th of April 1930 BIRTHDAY Micha? Zyczkowski, Polish technician (d. 2006)
12th of April 1930 BIRTHDAY Manuel Neri, American artist
12th of April 1931 BIRTHDAY Leonid Derbenyov, Russian poet-songwriter (d. 1995)
12th of April 1932 BIRTHDAY Lakshman Kadirgamar, Sri Lankan politician (d. 2005)
12th of April 1932 BIRTHDAY Dennis Banks, American Indian activist
12th of April 1932 BIRTHDAY Tiny Tim, American musician (d. 1996)
12th of April 1933 BIRTHDAY Montserrat Caballe, Spanish soprano
12th of April 1934 BIRTHDAY Heinz Schneiter, Swiss footballer
12th of April 1935 BIRTHDAY Jimmy Makulis, Greek singer (d. 2007)
12th of April 1937 BIRTHDAY Igor Volk, Soviet astronaut
12th of April 1939 BIRTHDAY Alan Ayckbourn, English writer
12th of April 1939 BIRTHDAY Johnny Raper, Australian rugby league footballer
12th of April 1940 BIRTHDAY Herbie Hancock, American musician and composer
12th of April 1940 BIRTHDAY John Hagee, American pastor and televangelist
12th of April 1941 BIRTHDAY Bobby Moore, English footballer (d. 1993)
12th of April 1942 BIRTHDAY Carlos Reutemann, Argentine racing driver and politician
12th of April 1942 BIRTHDAY Jacob Zuma, President of South Africa
12th of April 1944 BIRTHDAY John Kay, German-born musician
12th of April 1944 BIRTHDAY Georgios Balanos, Greek translator, author and publisher
12th of April 1945 BIRTHDAY Lee Jong-wook, Korean Director-General of the WHO (d. 2006)
12th of April 1946 BIRTHDAY Ed O'Neill, American actor
12th of April 1947 BIRTHDAY Tom Clancy, American author
12th of April 1947 BIRTHDAY Antonin Kratochvil, Czech-born American photographer
12th of April 1947 BIRTHDAY Woody Johnson, sports team owner
12th of April 1947 BIRTHDAY David Letterman, American talk show host
12th of April 1947 BIRTHDAY Dan Lauria, American actor
12th of April 1948 BIRTHDAY Marcello Lippi, Italian football coach
12th of April 1948 BIRTHDAY Jeremy Beadle, English television presenter (d. 2008)
12th of April 1948 BIRTHDAY Joschka Fischer, Foreign Minister of Germany 1998-2005
12th of April 1948 BIRTHDAY Sandra "Lois" Reeves, American singer
12th of April 1949 BIRTHDAY Scott Turow, American writer
12th of April 1950 BIRTHDAY Flavio Briatore, Italian businessman and F1 team principal (Renault F1)
12th of April 1950 BIRTHDAY David Cassidy, American singer and actor
12th of April 1951 BIRTHDAY Tom Noonan, American actor
12th of April 1952 BIRTHDAY Reuben Gant, American professional football player
12th of April 1952 BIRTHDAY Ralph Wiley, American sports journalist (d. 2004)
12th of April 1954 BIRTHDAY Jon Krakauer, American author
12th of April 1954 BIRTHDAY Pat Travers, Canadian musician
12th of April 1956 BIRTHDAY Andy Garcia, Cuban-born actor
12th of April 1956 BIRTHDAY Herbert Gronemeyer, German singer
12th of April 1957 BIRTHDAY Vince Gill, American musician
12th of April 1957 BIRTHDAY Greg Child, Australian mountaineer
12th of April 1958 BIRTHDAY Will Sergeant, English musician
12th of April 1958 BIRTHDAY Howard Stableford, English actor and host
12th of April 1960 BIRTHDAY Ron MacLean, Canadian sportscaster
12th of April 1961 BIRTHDAY Magda Szubanski, Australian actress
12th of April 1961 BIRTHDAY Lisa Gerrard, Australian musician
12th of April 1962 BIRTHDAY Art Alexakis, American musician
12th of April 1962 BIRTHDAY Takada Nobuhiko, Japanese wrestler
12th of April 1964 BIRTHDAY Amy Ray, American musician
12th of April 1965 BIRTHDAY Kim Bodnia, Danish actor
12th of April 1965 BIRTHDAY Tom O'Brien, American actor-producer
12th of April 1967 BIRTHDAY Sarah Cracknell, English singer
12th of April 1967 BIRTHDAY Mellow Man Ace, Afro-Cuban rapper
12th of April 1968 BIRTHDAY Alicia Coppola, American actress
12th of April 1968 BIRTHDAY Adam Graves, Canadian ice hockey player
12th of April 1969 BIRTHDAY Lucas Radebe, South African footballer
12th of April 1970 BIRTHDAY Nick Hexum, American musician
12th of April 1971 BIRTHDAY Shannen Doherty, American actor
12th of April 1971 BIRTHDAY Nicholas Brendon, American actor
12th of April 1972 BIRTHDAY Sebnem Ferah, Turkish singer
12th of April 1972 BIRTHDAY Dimitrios Kokotis, Greek high jumper
12th of April 1972 BIRTHDAY Paul Lo Duca, American baseball player
12th of April 1973 BIRTHDAY Claudia Jordan, American model
12th of April 1973 BIRTHDAY Antonio Osuna, Mexican baseball player
12th of April 1973 BIRTHDAY J. Scott Campbell, American comic book artist
12th of April 1974 BIRTHDAY Belinda Emmett, Australian actor (d. 2006)
12th of April 1974 BIRTHDAY Roman Hamrlik, Czech ice hockey player
12th of April 1974 BIRTHDAY Marley Shelton, American actor
12th of April 1974 BIRTHDAY Sylvinho, Brazilian footballer
12th of April 1976 BIRTHDAY Brad Miller, American basketball player
12th of April 1977 BIRTHDAY Giovanny Espinoza, Ecuadorian footballer
12th of April 1977 BIRTHDAY Sarah Jane Morris, American actor
12th of April 1977 BIRTHDAY Jordana Spiro, American actor
12th of April 1977 BIRTHDAY Jason Price, Welsh footballer
12th of April 1977 BIRTHDAY Glenn Rogers, Scottish cricketer
12th of April 1978 BIRTHDAY Guy Berryman, British musician (Coldplay)
12th of April 1978 BIRTHDAY Riley Smith, American actor
12th of April 1979 BIRTHDAY Jordan De Jong, American baseball player
12th of April 1979 BIRTHDAY Claire Danes, American actress
12th of April 1979 BIRTHDAY Elena Grosheva, Russian gymnast
12th of April 1979 BIRTHDAY Mateja Kezman, Serbian footballer
12th of April 1979 BIRTHDAY Jennifer Morrison, American actress and model
12th of April 1979 BIRTHDAY Cristian Ranalli, Italian footballer
12th of April 1979 BIRTHDAY Paul Nicholls, English actor
12th of April 1980 BIRTHDAY Erik Mongrain, Canadian musician
12th of April 1980 BIRTHDAY Brian McFadden, Irish singer
12th of April 1981 BIRTHDAY Grant Holt, English footballer
12th of April 1981 BIRTHDAY Nicolas Burdisso, Argentine footballer
12th of April 1981 BIRTHDAY Brian Vandborg, Danish cyclist
12th of April 1982 BIRTHDAY Deen, Bosnian singer
12th of April 1983 BIRTHDAY Jelena Dokic, Serbian/Australian tennis player
12th of April 1983 BIRTHDAY Dwayne Smith, West Indian cricketer
12th of April 1985 BIRTHDAY Jeisa Chiminazzo, Brazilian model
12th of April 1985 BIRTHDAY Anna-Katharina Samsel, German actress
12th of April 1985 BIRTHDAY Ted Ginn, Jr., American football player
12th of April 1985 BIRTHDAY Olga Seryabkina, Russian singer
12th of April 1985 BIRTHDAY Hitomi Yoshizawa, Japanese singer
12th of April 1986 BIRTHDAY Marcel Granollers, Spanish tennis player
12th of April 1986 BIRTHDAY Blerim Dzemaili, Swiss footballer
12th of April 1987 BIRTHDAY Brooklyn Decker, American model and actress
12th of April 1987 BIRTHDAY Brendon Urie, American musician (Panic at the Disco)
12th of April 1988 BIRTHDAY Amedeo Calliari, Italian footballer
12th of April 1994 BIRTHDAY Airi Suzuki, Japanese singer
12th of April 1994 BIRTHDAY Saoirse Ronan, Irish actress
12th of April 2000 BIRTHDAY Suzanna von Nathusius, Polish actress
12th of April 0065 DEATH Seneca the Younger, Roman philosopher, statesman, and dramatist
12th of April 0238 DEATH Gordian I, Roman Emperor
12th of April 0238 DEATH Gordian II, heir to the Roman Empire
12th of April 0352 DEATH St. Julius I, 35th Pope
12th of April 0434 DEATH Archbishop Maximianus of Constantinople
12th of April 1125 DEATH Vladislaus I of Bohemia (Born 1065)
12th of April 1443 DEATH Henry Chichele, Archbishop of Canterbury
12th of April 1550 DEATH Claude, Duke of Guise, French soldier (Born 1496)
12th of April 1555 DEATH Juana of Castile, wife of Philip I of Castile (Born 1479)
12th of April 1675 DEATH Richard Bennett, British Colonial Governor of Virginia (Born 1609)
12th of April 1684 DEATH Nicolo Amati, Italian luthier and member of the Amati family (Born 1596)
12th of April 1687 DEATH Ambrose Dixon, British-born American settler (Born c. 1619)
12th of April 1704 DEATH Jacques-Benigne Bossuet, French bishop and writer (Born 1627)
12th of April 1748 DEATH William Kent, English architect (Born c. 1685)
12th of April 1782 DEATH Metastasio, Italian poet and librettist (Born 1698)
12th of April 1788 DEATH Carlo Antonio Campioni, French-born composer (Born 1719)
12th of April 1795 DEATH Johann Kaspar Basselet von La Rosee, Bavarian general (Born 1710)
12th of April 1814 DEATH Charles Burney, English music historian (Born 1726)
12th of April 1817 DEATH Charles Messier, French astronomer (Born 1730)
12th of April 1850 DEATH Adoniram Judson, American missionary (Born 1788)
12th of April 1866 DEATH Peter Hesketh-Fleetwood, English Member of Parliament and developer (Born 1801)
12th of April 1872 DEATH Nikolaos Mantzaros, Greek composer (Born 1795)
12th of April 1878 DEATH William Magear "Boss" Tweed, American politician (Born 1823)
12th of April 1898 DEATH Elzear-Alexandre Taschereau, Roman Catholic archbishop of Quebec (Born 1820)
12th of April 1902 DEATH Marie Alfred Cornu, French physicist (Born 1842)
12th of April 1912 DEATH Clara Barton, American nurse and Red Cross advocate (Born 1821)
12th of April 1933 DEATH Adelbert Ames, American general and politician (Born 1835)
12th of April 1938 DEATH Feodor Chaliapin, Russian bass (Born 1873)
12th of April 1945 DEATH Franklin D. Roosevelt, 32nd President of the United States (Born 1882)
12th of April 1953 DEATH Lionel Logue, speech therapist who worked with King George VI of the United Kingdom (Born 1880)
12th of April 1962 DEATH Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya, Indian politician and engineer (Born 1861)
12th of April 1962 DEATH Ron Flockhart, Scottish racing driver (Born 1923)
12th of April 1968 DEATH Heinrich Nordhoff, German automobile engineer (Born 1899)
12th of April 1971 DEATH Ed Lafitte, American baseball player (Born 1871)
12th of April 1971 DEATH Wynton Kelly, American jazz pianist (Born 1931)
12th of April 1975 DEATH Josephine Baker, American dancer (Born 1906)
12th of April 1977 DEATH Phil Wrigley, American manufacturer and baseball executive (Born 1894)
12th of April 1980 DEATH Clark McConachy, New Zealand billiards and snooker player (Born 1895)
12th of April 1980 DEATH William R. Tolbert, Jr., Liberian politician (Born 1913)
12th of April 1981 DEATH Joe Louis, American boxer (Born 1914)
12th of April 1983 DEATH Carl Morton, American baseball player (Born 1944)
12th of April 1984 DEATH Edwin T. Layton, American naval officer (Born 1903)
12th of April 1986 DEATH Valentin Kataev, Russian writer (Born 1897)
12th of April 1987 DEATH Mike Von Erich, American wrestler (Born 1964)
12th of April 1988 DEATH Alan Paton, South African writer (Born 1903)
12th of April 1989 DEATH Abbie Hoffman, American political activist (Born 1936)
12th of April 1989 DEATH Gerald Flood, British actor (Born 1927)
12th of April 1989 DEATH Sugar Ray Robinson, American boxer (Born 1921)
12th of April 1999 DEATH Marion Pruett, American spree killer (Born 1949)
12th of April 1999 DEATH Boxcar Willie, American singer (Born 1931)
12th of April 2001 DEATH Harvey Ball, American inventor (Born 1921)
12th of April 2002 DEATH George Shevelov, Ukrainian-born American linguist and academic (Born 1908)
12th of April 2003 DEATH Sydney Lassick, American actor (Born 1922)
12th of April 2006 DEATH Dr. Rajkumar, Indian film actor/singer (Born 1929)
12th of April 2006 DEATH Puggy Pearson, American poker player (Born 1929)
12th of April 2006 DEATH William Sloane Coffin, American clergyman (Born 1924)
12th of April 2007 DEATH Kevin Crease, Australian TV anchor (Born 1936)
12th of April 2008 DEATH Jerry Zucker, Israeli-born American businessman (Born 1949)
12th of April 2008 DEATH Patrick Hillery, Irish politician (Born 1923)
12th of April 2008 DEATH Cecilia Colledge, British ice skater (Born 1920)
12th of April 2009 DEATH Marilyn Chambers, American pornographic actress (Born 1952)
12th of April 2010 DEATH Palito, Filipino comedian (Born 1934)

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