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This Day On History
Date Description Type
2nd of July 0626 EVENT Li Shimin, the future Emperor Taizong of Tang, Emperor of China, ambushes and kills his rival brothers Li Yuanji and Li Jiancheng in the Incident at Xuanwu Gate.
2nd of July 0706 EVENT In China, Emperor Zhongzong of Tang inters the bodies of relatives in the Qianling Mausoleum, located on Mount Liang outside Chang'an.
2nd of July 0963 EVENT The imperial army proclaims Nicephorus Phocas Emperor of the Romans on the plains outside Cappadocian Caesarea.
2nd of July 1298 EVENT The Battle of Gollheim is fought between Albert I of Habsburg and Adolf of Nassau-Weilburg.
2nd of July 1494 EVENT The Treaty of Tordesillas is ratified by Spain.
2nd of July 1555 EVENT The Ottoman Admiral Turgut Reis sacks the Italian city of Paola.
2nd of July 1561 EVENT Menas, Emperor of Ethiopia, defeats a revolt in Emfraz.
2nd of July 1582 EVENT Battle of Yamazaki: Toyotomi Hideyoshi defeats Akechi Mitsuhide.
2nd of July 1613 EVENT The first English expedition from Massachusetts against Acadia led by Samuel Argall takes place.
2nd of July 1644 EVENT English Civil War: Battle of Marston Moor.
2nd of July 1679 EVENT Europeans first visit Minnesota and see headwaters of Mississippi in an expedition led by Daniel Greysolon de Du Luth.
2nd of July 1698 EVENT Thomas Savery patents the first steam engine.
2nd of July 1776 EVENT The Continental Congress adopts a resolution severing ties with Great Britain although the wording of the formal Declaration of Independence is not approved until July 4.
2nd of July 1777 EVENT Vermont becomes the first American territory to abolish slavery.
2nd of July 1823 EVENT Bahia Independence Day: the end of Portuguese rule in Brazil, with the final defeat of the Portuguese crown loyalists in the province of Bahia.
2nd of July 1839 EVENT Twenty miles off the coast of Cuba, 53 rebelling African slaves led by Joseph Cinque take over the slave ship Amistad.
2nd of July 1853 EVENT The Russian Army crossed the Pruth river into the Danubian Principalities, Moldavia and Wallachia--providing the spark that set off the Crimean War.
2nd of July 1871 EVENT Victor Emmanuel II of Italy enters Rome after having conquered it from the Papal States.
2nd of July 1881 EVENT Charles J. Guiteau shoots and fatally wounds U.S. President James Garfield, who eventually dies from an infection on September 19.
2nd of July 1890 EVENT The U.S. Congress passes the Sherman Anti-Trust Act.
2nd of July 1897 EVENT Italian scientist Guglielmo Marconi obtains a patent for radio in London.
2nd of July 1900 EVENT The first Zeppelin flight takes place on Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany.
2nd of July 1917 EVENT The East St. Louis Riots end.
2nd of July 1934 EVENT The Night of the Long Knives ends with the death of Ernst Rohm.
2nd of July 1937 EVENT Amelia Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan are last heard from over the Pacific Ocean while attempting to make the first equatorial round-the-world flight.
2nd of July 1940 EVENT Indian independence leader Subhas Chandra Bose is arrested and detained in Calcutta.
2nd of July 1950 EVENT The Golden Pavilion at Kinkaku-ji in Kyoto, Japan burns down.
2nd of July 1962 EVENT The first Wal-Mart store opens for business in Rogers, Arkansas.
2nd of July 1964 EVENT U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964 meant to prohibit segregation in public places.
2nd of July 1966 EVENT The French military explodes a nuclear test bomb codenamed Aldebaran in Mururoa, their first nuclear test in the Pacific.
2nd of July 1976 EVENT Fall of the Republic of Vietnam; Communist North Vietnam declares their union to form the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
2nd of July 1993 EVENT 37 participants in an Alevi cultural and literary festival are killed when a mob of demonstrators set fire to their hotel in Sivas during a violent protest.
2nd of July 2000 EVENT Vicente Fox Quesada is elected the first President of Mexico from an opposition party, the Partido Accion Nacional, after more than 70 years of continuous rule by the Partido Revolucionario Institucional.
2nd of July 2001 EVENT The AbioCor self contained artificial heart is first implanted.
2nd of July 2002 EVENT Steve Fossett becomes the first person to fly solo around the world nonstop in a balloon.
2nd of July 2003 EVENT Silvio Berlusconi, Prime Minister of Italy, insults German MP Martin Schulz by calling him a "kapo" during a session of the European Parliament.
2nd of July 2004 EVENT ASEAN Regional Forum accepts Pakistan as its 24th member.
2nd of July 2008 EVENT Ingrid Betancourt, and 14 other hostages held by FARC guerrillas, are rescued by the Colombian armed forces.
2nd of July 2010 EVENT The South Kivu tank truck explosion in the Democratic Republic of the Congo kills at least 230 people.
2nd of July 0419 BIRTHDAY Valentinian III, Roman Emperor (d. 455)
2nd of July 1262 BIRTHDAY Arthur II, Duke of Brittany (d. 1312)
2nd of July 1363 BIRTHDAY Mary, Queen of Sicily and Duchess of Athens (d. 1401)
2nd of July 1489 BIRTHDAY Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1556)
2nd of July 1492 BIRTHDAY Elizabeth Tudor, English princess (d. 1495)
2nd of July 1647 BIRTHDAY Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham, English privy councilor (d. 1730)
2nd of July 1665 BIRTHDAY Samuel Penhallow, English-born American colonist and historian (d. 1726)
2nd of July 1667 BIRTHDAY Pietro Ottoboni, Italian cardinal (d. 1740)
2nd of July 1698 BIRTHDAY Francesco III d'Este, Duke of Modena (d. 1780)
2nd of July 1714 BIRTHDAY Christoph Willibald von Gluck, German composer (d. 1787)
2nd of July 1724 BIRTHDAY Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, German poet (d. 1803)
2nd of July 1819 BIRTHDAY Charles-Louis Hanon, French composer (d. 1900)
2nd of July 1820 BIRTHDAY George Law Curry, American newspaper publisher and 5th and 7th Governor of the Oregon Territory (d. 1878)
2nd of July 1821 BIRTHDAY Charles Tupper, 6th Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1915)
2nd of July 1849 BIRTHDAY Maria Theresa of Austria-Este, Czech-born Queen consort of Bavaria (d. 1919)
2nd of July 1862 BIRTHDAY William Henry Bragg, English physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1942)
2nd of July 1865 BIRTHDAY Lily Braun, German writer (d. 1916)
2nd of July 1876 BIRTHDAY Wilhelm Cuno, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1933)
2nd of July 1877 BIRTHDAY Hermann Hesse, German-born writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1962)
2nd of July 1881 BIRTHDAY Royal H. Weller, American politician (d. 1929)
2nd of July 1884 BIRTHDAY Alfons Maria Jakob, German neurologist (d. 1931)
2nd of July 1893 BIRTHDAY Ralph Hancock, Welsh garden designer (Rockefeller Center) (d. 1950)
2nd of July 1896 BIRTHDAY Lydia Mei, Estonian painter (d. 1965)
2nd of July 1900 BIRTHDAY Tyrone Guthrie, English actor (d. 1971)
2nd of July 1903 BIRTHDAY Alec Douglas-Home, 66th Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1995)
2nd of July 1903 BIRTHDAY King Olav V of Norway (d. 1991)
2nd of July 1904 BIRTHDAY Rene Lacoste, French tennis player and businessman (d. 1996)
2nd of July 1906 BIRTHDAY Hans Bethe, German-born nuclear physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 2005)
2nd of July 1906 BIRTHDAY Christos Tsaganeas, Greek actor (d. 1982)
2nd of July 1908 BIRTHDAY Thurgood Marshall, American Supreme Court Justice (d. 1993)
2nd of July 1914 BIRTHDAY Mario Schenberg, Brazilian physicist (d. 1990)
2nd of July 1914 BIRTHDAY Frederick Fennell, American conductor (d. 2004)
2nd of July 1915 BIRTHDAY Arthur Wellesley, 8th Duke of Wellington, Italy-born British peer
2nd of July 1916 BIRTHDAY Ken Curtis, American actor and singer (d. 1991)
2nd of July 1916 BIRTHDAY Hans-Ulrich Rudel, German combat pilot, the highest-decorated German soldier of WWII (d. 1982)
2nd of July 1917 BIRTHDAY Murry Wilson, American songwriter and record producer (The Beach Boys) (d. 1973)
2nd of July 1918 BIRTHDAY Wibo, Dutch cartoonist (d. 2005)
2nd of July 1919 BIRTHDAY Jean Craighead George, American writer
2nd of July 1923 BIRTHDAY Wis?awa Szymborska, Polish poet, Nobel laureate
2nd of July 1925 BIRTHDAY Medgar Evers, American civil rights activist (d. 1963)
2nd of July 1925 BIRTHDAY Patrice Lumumba, 1st democratically elected Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (d. 1961)
2nd of July 1926 BIRTHDAY Octavian Paler, Romanian writer and journalist (d. 2007)
2nd of July 1927 BIRTHDAY Brock Peters, American actor (d. 2005)
2nd of July 1929 BIRTHDAY John A. Cade, American politician
2nd of July 1929 BIRTHDAY Imelda Marcos, Filipino First Lady, wife of Ferdinand Marcos
2nd of July 1930 BIRTHDAY Carlos Menem, Argentine politician, 50th President of Argentina
2nd of July 1932 BIRTHDAY Dave Thomas, American fast food entrepreneur (Wendy's) (d. 2002)
2nd of July 1933 BIRTHDAY Kenny Wharram, Canadian ice hockey player
2nd of July 1934 BIRTHDAY Tom Springfield, British singer and songwriter (The Springfields)
2nd of July 1937 BIRTHDAY Polly Holliday, American actress
2nd of July 1937 BIRTHDAY Richard Petty, American race car driver
2nd of July 1939 BIRTHDAY John H. Sununu, White House Chief of Staff under George HW Bush
2nd of July 1939 BIRTHDAY Alexandros Panagoulis, Greek politician and poet
2nd of July 1939 BIRTHDAY Paul Williams, American singer (The Temptations) (d. 1973)
2nd of July 1940 BIRTHDAY Kenneth Clarke, British politician
2nd of July 1941 BIRTHDAY Stephane Venne, French-Canadian songwriter
2nd of July 1942 BIRTHDAY Vicente Fox, Mexican politician, 35th President of Mexico
2nd of July 1943 BIRTHDAY Walter Godefroot, Belgian cyclist
2nd of July 1946 BIRTHDAY Richard Axel, American neuroscientist, Nobel laureate
2nd of July 1946 BIRTHDAY Ron Silver, American actor (d. 2009)
2nd of July 1947 BIRTHDAY Larry David, American television producer
2nd of July 1948 BIRTHDAY Saul Rubinek, Canadian actor
2nd of July 1948 BIRTHDAY Gene McFadden, American songwriter (d. 2006)
2nd of July 1949 BIRTHDAY Greg Brown, American folk singer
2nd of July 1949 BIRTHDAY Roy Bittan, American keyboardist (E Street Band)
2nd of July 1949 BIRTHDAY Hanno Poschl, Austrian actor
2nd of July 1949 BIRTHDAY Robert Paquette, French-Canadian singer and songwriter
2nd of July 1951 BIRTHDAY Elisabeth Brooks, Canadian actress (d. 1997)
2nd of July 1951 BIRTHDAY Michele Santoro, Italian TV journalist
2nd of July 1952 BIRTHDAY Johnny Colla, American guitarist and saxophonist (Huey Lewis and the News)
2nd of July 1953 BIRTHDAY Tony Armas, Venezuelan baseball player
2nd of July 1953 BIRTHDAY Mark Hart, American multi-instrumentalist (Crowded House, Supertramp)
2nd of July 1954 BIRTHDAY Pete Briquette, Irish bassist (The Boomtown Rats)
2nd of July 1955 BIRTHDAY Andrew Divoff, Venezuelan actor
2nd of July 1955 BIRTHDAY Kevin Michael Grace, Canadian journalist
2nd of July 1956 BIRTHDAY Jerry Hall, American actress
2nd of July 1957 BIRTHDAY Bret "The Hitman" Hart, Canadian pro wrestler
2nd of July 1958 BIRTHDAY Thomas Bickerton, American Methodist bishop
2nd of July 1959 BIRTHDAY Mike Hallett, English snooker player
2nd of July 1960 BIRTHDAY Terry Rossio, American screenwriter
2nd of July 1961 BIRTHDAY Michael Lindsay, American voice actor
2nd of July 1961 BIRTHDAY Samy Naceri, French actor
2nd of July 1963 BIRTHDAY Mark Kermode, British film critic
2nd of July 1964 BIRTHDAY Jose Canseco, Cuban-born American baseball player
2nd of July 1964 BIRTHDAY Ozzie Canseco, Cuban-born American baseball player
2nd of July 1964 BIRTHDAY Joe Magrane, American baseball player
2nd of July 1964 BIRTHDAY Hisakatsu Oya, Japanese professional wrestler
2nd of July 1964 BIRTHDAY Alan Tait, Scotland rugby player
2nd of July 1964 BIRTHDAY Charles Robinson, American wrestling referee
2nd of July 1964 BIRTHDAY Andrea Yates, American murderer
2nd of July 1966 BIRTHDAY Kathryn Erbe, American actress
2nd of July 1969 BIRTHDAY Matthew Cox, American convicted felon
2nd of July 1969 BIRTHDAY Tim Rodber, England rugby player
2nd of July 1970 BIRTHDAY Yancy Butler, American actress
2nd of July 1970 BIRTHDAY Colin Edwin, Australian bassist (Porcupine Tree)
2nd of July 1970 BIRTHDAY Monie Love, English rapper
2nd of July 1970 BIRTHDAY Steve Morrow, Irish footballer
2nd of July 1970 BIRTHDAY Scotty 2 Hotty, American professional wrestler
2nd of July 1971 BIRTHDAY Evelyn Lau, Canadian poet and novelist
2nd of July 1971 BIRTHDAY Bryan Redpath, Scottish rugby player
2nd of July 1971 BIRTHDAY Troy Brown, American football player
2nd of July 1972 BIRTHDAY Darren Shan, Irish children's author
2nd of July 1973 BIRTHDAY Peter Kay, British comedian
2nd of July 1974 BIRTHDAY Rocky Gray, American drummer and guitarist (Evanescence, Living Sacrifice)
2nd of July 1974 BIRTHDAY Sean Casey, American baseball player
2nd of July 1974 BIRTHDAY Tim Christensen, Danish singer and multi-instrumentalist (Dizzy Mizz Lizzy)
2nd of July 1974 BIRTHDAY Matthew Reilly, Australian author
2nd of July 1974 BIRTHDAY Moon So-ri, South Korean actress
2nd of July 1975 BIRTHDAY Eric Daze, Canadian ice hockey player
2nd of July 1975 BIRTHDAY Erik Ohlsson, Swedish guitarist (Millencolin)
2nd of July 1975 BIRTHDAY Stefan Terblanche, South African rugby player
2nd of July 1976 BIRTHDAY Krisztian Lisztes, Hungarian footballer
2nd of July 1976 BIRTHDAY Tomas Vokoun, Czech ice hockey player
2nd of July 1978 BIRTHDAY Julie Night, American pornographic actress
2nd of July 1978 BIRTHDAY Juri Ratas, Estonian politician
2nd of July 1979 BIRTHDAY Diana Gurtskaya, Georgian singer
2nd of July 1979 BIRTHDAY Sam Hornish, Jr., American race car driver
2nd of July 1979 BIRTHDAY Joe Thornton, Canadian hockey player
2nd of July 1980 BIRTHDAY Nicole Briscoe, American beauty queen and sports commentator
2nd of July 1980 BIRTHDAY Nyjer Morgan, American baseball player
2nd of July 1981 BIRTHDAY Nathan Ellington, English soccer player
2nd of July 1981 BIRTHDAY Alex Koroknay-Palicz, American youth rights activist
2nd of July 1981 BIRTHDAY Carlos Rogers, American football player
2nd of July 1981 BIRTHDAY Aaron Voros, Canadian hockey player
2nd of July 1981 BIRTHDAY Angel Pagan, Puerto Rican baseball player
2nd of July 1983 BIRTHDAY Michelle Branch, American singer (The Wreckers)
2nd of July 1983 BIRTHDAY Sammy J, Australian comedian
2nd of July 1984 BIRTHDAY Vanessa Lee Chester, American actress
2nd of July 1984 BIRTHDAY Thomas Kortegaard, Danish footballer
2nd of July 1984 BIRTHDAY Johnny Weir, American figure skater
2nd of July 1985 BIRTHDAY Rhett Bomar, American football player
2nd of July 1985 BIRTHDAY Corey Bringas, American actor
2nd of July 1985 BIRTHDAY Chad Henne, American football player
2nd of July 1985 BIRTHDAY Ashley Tisdale, American actress and singer
2nd of July 1985 BIRTHDAY Jurgen Roelandts, Belgian cyclist
2nd of July 1985 BIRTHDAY Iain Grigor, Scottish Athlete
2nd of July 1986 BIRTHDAY Brett Cecil, American baseball player
2nd of July 1986 BIRTHDAY Lindsay Lohan, American actress
2nd of July 1987 BIRTHDAY Ruslana Korshunova, Kazakh model (d. 2008)
2nd of July 1988 BIRTHDAY Lee Chung-Yong, South Korean footballer
2nd of July 1989 BIRTHDAY Dev, American singer and recording artist
2nd of July 1992 BIRTHDAY Madison Chock, American ice dancer
2nd of July 0862 DEATH Swithun, Anglo-Saxon Bishop of Winchester (Born 789)
2nd of July 1298 DEATH King Adolf of Germany (Born 1220)
2nd of July 1504 DEATH Prince Stephen III of Moldavia ("Stefan cel Mare") (Born 1434)
2nd of July 1566 DEATH Nostradamus, French astrologer (Born 1503)
2nd of July 1582 DEATH Akechi Mitsuhide, Japanese samurai (Born 1528)
2nd of July 1591 DEATH Vincenzo Galilei, Italian composer (Born 1520)
2nd of July 1621 DEATH Thomas Harriot, English astronomer
2nd of July 1656 DEATH Francois-Marie, comte de Broglie, Italian-born French commander (Born 1611)
2nd of July 1674 DEATH Eberhard III, Duke of Wurttemberg (Born 1614)
2nd of July 1743 DEATH Spencer Compton, 1st Earl of Wilmington, 2nd Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Born 1673)
2nd of July 1746 DEATH Thomas Baker, English antiquarian (Born 1656)
2nd of July 1778 DEATH Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Swiss philosopher (Born 1712)
2nd of July 1778 DEATH Bathsheba Spooner, American murderer (Born 1746)
2nd of July 1822 DEATH Denmark Vesey, St. Thomas-born American freed slave who planned a revolt, hanged (Born c. 1767)
2nd of July 1833 DEATH Gervasio Antonio de Posadas, Argentine politician (Born 1757)
2nd of July 1843 DEATH Samuel Hahnemann, German physician (Born 1755)
2nd of July 1850 DEATH Robert Peel, British politician, 28th and 30th Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Born 1788)
2nd of July 1857 DEATH Carlo Pisacane, Italian patriot (Born 1818)
2nd of July 1903 DEATH Ed Delahanty, American Hall of Fame baseball player (Born 1867)
2nd of July 1912 DEATH Tom Richardson, English cricketer (Born 1870)
2nd of July 1914 DEATH Joseph Chamberlain, British politician and businessman, father of Neville Chamberlain (Born 1836)
2nd of July 1915 DEATH Porfirio Diaz, Mexican general and politician, 19th, 21st and 23rd President of Mexico (Born 1830)
2nd of July 1920 DEATH William Louis Marshall, American general and engineer (Born 1846)
2nd of July 1926 DEATH Emile Coue, French psychologist (Born 1857)
2nd of July 1929 DEATH Gladys Brockwell, American actress (Born 1893)
2nd of July 1932 DEATH King Manuel II of Portugal (Born 1889)
2nd of July 1934 DEATH Ernst Rohm, German Nazi official (Born 1887)
2nd of July 1955 DEATH Edward Lawson, Scottish soldier, Victoria Cross recipient (Born 1873)
2nd of July 1961 DEATH Ernest Hemingway, American writer, Nobel laureate (Born 1899)
2nd of July 1964 DEATH Fireball Roberts, American race car driver (Born 1929)
2nd of July 1966 DEATH Jan Brzechwa, Polish poet (Born 1900)
2nd of July 1969 DEATH Michael DiBiase, American pro wrestler (Born 1923)
2nd of July 1972 DEATH Joseph Fielding Smith, American religious figure, 10th president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Born 1876)
2nd of July 1973 DEATH Chick Hafey, American baseball player (Born 1903)
2nd of July 1973 DEATH George McBride, American baseball player (Born 1880)
2nd of July 1973 DEATH Betty Grable, American actress (Born 1916)
2nd of July 1973 DEATH Ferdinand Schorner, German field marshal (Born 1892)
2nd of July 1975 DEATH James Robertson Justice, British actor (Born 1907)
2nd of July 1977 DEATH Vladimir Nabokov, Russian-born writer (Born 1899)
2nd of July 1978 DEATH Aris Alexandrou, Greek novelist, poet and translator (Born 1922)
2nd of July 1984 DEATH Paul Dozois, Quebec politician (Born 1908)
2nd of July 1985 DEATH David Purley, British Formula 1 driver (Born 1945)
2nd of July 1986 DEATH Peanuts Lowrey, American baseball player (Born 1917)
2nd of July 1989 DEATH Andrei Gromyko, Soviet politician (Born 1909)
2nd of July 1989 DEATH Franklin Schaffner, American film director (Born 1920)
2nd of July 1990 DEATH Snooky Lanson, American singer (Born 1914)
2nd of July 1991 DEATH Lee Remick, American actress (Born 1935)
2nd of July 1992 DEATH Camaron de la Isla, Spanish flamenco singer (Born 1950)
2nd of July 1993 DEATH Fred Gwynne, American actor (Born 1926)
2nd of July 1994 DEATH Andres Escobar, Colombian footballer (Born 1967)
2nd of July 1995 DEATH Krissy Taylor, American model (Born 1978)
2nd of July 1997 DEATH James Stewart, American actor (Born 1908)
2nd of July 1999 DEATH Mario Puzo, American writer (Born 1920)
2nd of July 2000 DEATH Joey Dunlop, Irish motorcycle racer (Born 1952)
2nd of July 2002 DEATH Ray Brown, American jazz bassist (Born 1926)
2nd of July 2004 DEATH John Cullen Murphy, American comic strip artist (Born 1919)
2nd of July 2004 DEATH Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen, Portuguese writer (Born 1919)
2nd of July 2005 DEATH Norm Prescott, American animation producer (Born 1927)
2nd of July 2005 DEATH Ernest Lehman, American screenwriter (Born 1915)
2nd of July 2006 DEATH Jan Murray, American comedian (Born 1916)
2nd of July 2007 DEATH Beverly Sills, American operatic soprano (Born 1929)
2nd of July 2008 DEATH Natasha Shneider, Russian keyboardist and bassist (Eleven) (Born 1956)
2nd of July 2008 DEATH Elizabeth Spriggs, English actress (Born 1929)
2nd of July 2010 DEATH Beryl Bainbridge, Author (Born 1932)

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