As a leader of the Nimrod Expedition, Shackleton was seen as a rival to Robert Falcon Scott's Discovery Expedition in what became a period known as the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration. In January 1909, Shackleton made it farthest south than anyone had before.
His next project saw him attempt to cross the Antarctic by sea from pole to pole, but his ship Endurance became stuck in pack ice and was crushed. Shackleton kept his crew together and miraculously no lives were lost, making him one of the true heroes of the era.
Tools designed to ensure computer code in smart cars does not crash has been inspired by hungry penguins.
The rounded sleeping capsules send guests drifting into ocean before arriving on desert island by morning.
Sitting on the saddle activates the part of the brain responsible for learning, a study has claimed.
Scientists are appealing for more people to donate their brains for research after they die.
Life on Earth may have arrived from Mars on an asteroid, scientists have claimed.
Lunar mission scheduled at the end of 2017 could find out if beer can be brewed on the moon.
A bottle used to teach children how far litter can travel ended up on Scottish beach after 8,700-mile journey.
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