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This Day On History
Date Description Type
13th of March 1138 EVENT Cardinal Gregorio Conti is elected Antipope as Victor IV, succeeding Anacletus II.
13th of March 1639 EVENT Harvard College is named for clergyman John Harvard.
13th of March 1781 EVENT William Herschel discovers Uranus.
13th of March 1809 EVENT Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden is deposed in a coup d'etat.
13th of March 1845 EVENT Felix Mendelssohn's Violin Concerto receives its premiere performance in Leipzig with Ferdinand David as soloist.
13th of March 1862 EVENT American Civil War: The U.S. federal government forbids all Union army officers to return fugitive slaves, thus effectively annulling the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 and setting the stage for the Emancipation Proclamation.
13th of March 1865 EVENT American Civil War: The Confederate States of America agree to the use of African American troops.
13th of March 1881 EVENT Alexander II of Russia is killed near his palace when a bomb is thrown at him. (Gregorian date: it was March 1 in the Julian calendar then in use in Russia.)
13th of March 1884 EVENT The Siege of Khartoum, Sudan begins, ending on January 26, 1885.
13th of March 1897 EVENT San Diego State University is founded.
13th of March 1900 EVENT Second Boer War: British forces occupy Bloemfontein, Orange Free State.
13th of March 1920 EVENT The Kapp Putsch briefly ousts the Weimar Republic government from Berlin.
13th of March 1921 EVENT Mongolia, under Baron Roman Ungern von Sternberg, declares its independence from China.
13th of March 1925 EVENT Scopes Trial: A law in Tennessee prohibits the teaching of evolution.
13th of March 1930 EVENT The news of the discovery of Pluto is telegraphed to the Harvard College Observatory.
13th of March 1933 EVENT Great Depression: Banks in the U.S. begin to re-open after President Franklin D. Roosevelt mandates a "bank holiday".
13th of March 1938 EVENT World News Roundup is broadcast for the first time on CBS Radio in the United States.
13th of March 1938 EVENT Anschluss of Austria to the Third Reich.
13th of March 1940 EVENT The Russo-Finnish Winter War ends.
13th of March 1943 EVENT World War II: In Bougainville, Japanese troops end their assault on American forces at Hill 700.
13th of March 1943 EVENT The Holocaust: German forces liquidate the Jewish ghetto in Krakow.
13th of March 1954 EVENT Battle of ?ien Bien Phu: Viet Minh forces attack the French.
13th of March 1957 EVENT Cuban student revolutionaries storm the presidential palace in Havana in a failed attempt on the life of President Fulgencio Batista.
13th of March 1962 EVENT Lyman Lemnitzer, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, delivers a proposal, called Operation Northwoods, regarding performing terrorist attacks upon Guantanamo Bay Naval Base, to Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara. The proposal is scrapped and President John F. Kennedy removes Lemnitzer from his position.
13th of March 1964 EVENT American Kitty Genovese is murdered, reportedly in view of neighbors who did nothing to help her, prompting research into the bystander effect.
13th of March 1969 EVENT Apollo program: Apollo 9 returns safely to Earth after testing the Lunar Module.
13th of March 1979 EVENT The New Jewel Movement, headed by Maurice Bishop, ousts Prime Minister Eric Gairy in a nearly bloodless coup d'etat in Grenada.
13th of March 1988 EVENT The Seikan Tunnel, the longest undersea tunnel in the world, opens between Aomori and Hakodate, Japan.
13th of March 1991 EVENT The United States Department of Justice announces that Exxon has agreed to pay $1 billion for the clean-up of the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska.
13th of March 1992 EVENT An earthquake registering 6.8 on the Richter scale kills over 500 in Erzincan, eastern Turkey.
13th of March 1996 EVENT Dunblane massacre: in Dunblane, Scotland, 16 Primary School children and 1 teacher are shot dead by a spree killer, Thomas Watt Hamilton who then committed suicide.
13th of March 1997 EVENT The Phoenix lights are seen over Phoenix, Arizona by hundreds of people, and by millions on television.
13th of March 1997 EVENT India's Missionaries of Charity chooses Sister Nirmala to succeed Mother Teresa as its leader.
13th of March 2003 EVENT Human evolution: The journal Nature reports that 350,000-year-old footprints of an upright-walking human have been found in Italy.
13th of March 2005 EVENT Terry Ratzmann shoots and kills six members of the Living Church of God and the minister at Sheraton Inn in Brookfield, Wisconsin before killing himself.
13th of March 2008 EVENT Gold prices on the New York Mercantile Exchange hit $1,000 per ounce for the first time.
13th of March 1372 BIRTHDAY Louis of Valois, Duke of Orleans, brother of Charles VI of France (d. 1407)
13th of March 1615 BIRTHDAY Pope Innocent XII (d. 1700)
13th of March 1683 BIRTHDAY John Theophilus Desaguliers, French-British philosopher (d. 1744)
13th of March 1700 BIRTHDAY Michel Blavet, French flutist (d. 1768)
13th of March 1719 BIRTHDAY John Griffin Whitwell, 4th Baron Howard de Walden, British field marshal (d. 1797)
13th of March 1720 BIRTHDAY Charles Bonnet, Swiss naturalist and writer (d. 1793)
13th of March 1733 BIRTHDAY Joseph Priestley, English scientist and minister (d. 1804)
13th of March 1741 BIRTHDAY Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1790)
13th of March 1753 BIRTHDAY Louise Marie Adelaide de Bourbon, great heiress and wife of Philippe Egalite (d. 1821)
13th of March 1763 BIRTHDAY Guillaume Marie Anne Brune, French marshal (d. 1815)
13th of March 1764 BIRTHDAY Earl Grey, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1845)
13th of March 1770 BIRTHDAY Daniel Lambert, Englishman famous for his obesity (d. 1809)
13th of March 1777 BIRTHDAY Charles Lot Church, Nova Scotia politician (d. 1864)
13th of March 1781 BIRTHDAY Karl Friedrich Schinkel, German architect (d. 1841)
13th of March 1782 BIRTHDAY Sir Robert Bateson, 1st Baronet, Irish nobility (d.1863)
13th of March 1798 BIRTHDAY Abigail Fillmore, First Lady of the United States (d. 1853)
13th of March 1815 BIRTHDAY James Curtis Hepburn, American missionary and linguist (d. 1911)
13th of March 1825 BIRTHDAY Hans Gude, Norwegian romanticist landscape painter (d. 1903)
13th of March 1855 BIRTHDAY Percival Lowell, American astronomer (d. 1916)
13th of March 1855 BIRTHDAY B. H. Roberts, Mormon leader, historian, and politician (d. 1933)
13th of March 1860 BIRTHDAY Hugo Wolf, Austrian composer (d. 1903)
13th of March 1864 BIRTHDAY Alexej von Jawlensky, Russian painter (d. 1941)
13th of March 1870 BIRTHDAY Albert Meyer, member of the Swiss Federal Council in the 1930s (d. 1953)
13th of March 1883 BIRTHDAY Enrico Toselli, Italian (Florentine) composer and pianist(d. 1926)
13th of March 1884 BIRTHDAY Sir Hugh Walpole, English novelist (d. 1941)
13th of March 1886 BIRTHDAY Home Run Baker, Hall of Fame third baseman (d.1963)
13th of March 1890 BIRTHDAY Fritz Busch, German conductor (d. 1951)
13th of March 1897 BIRTHDAY Dan Gordon, American animator (d. 1969)
13th of March 1897 BIRTHDAY Yeghishe Charents, Armenian poet, writer and public activist (d. 1937)
13th of March 1898 BIRTHDAY Henry Hathaway, American film director and producer (d. 1985)
13th of March 1899 BIRTHDAY John Hasbrouck van Vleck, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1980)
13th of March 1899 BIRTHDAY Jan Lechon, Polish poet (d. 1956)
13th of March 1900 BIRTHDAY Giorgos Seferis, Greek poet, Nobel laureate (d. 1971)
13th of March 1900 BIRTHDAY Bela Guttman, Hungarian footballer (d. 1981)
13th of March 1907 BIRTHDAY Mircea Eliade, Romanian historian of religions and writer (d. 1986)
13th of March 1908 BIRTHDAY Walter Annenberg, American publisher and philanthropist (d. 2002)
13th of March 1910 BIRTHDAY Karl Gustav Ahlefeldt, Danish actor (d. 1985)
13th of March 1910 BIRTHDAY Sammy Kaye, American musician (d. 1987)
13th of March 1911 BIRTHDAY L. Ron Hubbard, American science fiction author and founder of Scientology (d. 1986)
13th of March 1913 BIRTHDAY Lambros Konstantaras, Greek actor (d. 1985)
13th of March 1913 BIRTHDAY Sergey Mikhalkov, Russian writer (d. 2009)
13th of March 1913 BIRTHDAY William Casey, American CIA director (d. 1987)
13th of March 1914 BIRTHDAY Edward "Butch" O'Hare, American pilot and Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1943)
13th of March 1914 BIRTHDAY W.O. Mitchell, Canadian writer (d. 1998)
13th of March 1916 BIRTHDAY Lindy Boggs, American politician
13th of March 1921 BIRTHDAY Al Jaffee, American cartoonist
13th of March 1923 BIRTHDAY Dimitrios Ioannidis, Greek military officer who was involved in the Greek military junta
13th of March 1923 BIRTHDAY William F. Bolger, 65th Postmaster General of the United States (d. 1989)
13th of March 1925 BIRTHDAY Roy Haynes, American jazz drummer
13th of March 1926 BIRTHDAY Carlos Roberto Reina, President of Honduras (d. 2003)
13th of March 1927 BIRTHDAY Robert Denning, American interior designer (d. 2005)
13th of March 1929 BIRTHDAY Joseph Mascolo, American actor
13th of March 1929 BIRTHDAY Peter Breck, American actor
13th of March 1930 BIRTHDAY Jan Howard, American singer
13th of March 1933 BIRTHDAY Mike Stoller, American songwriter
13th of March 1934 BIRTHDAY Barry Hughart, American author
13th of March 1935 BIRTHDAY Leslie Parrish, American actress
13th of March 1935 BIRTHDAY Michael Walzer, American philosopher
13th of March 1936 BIRTHDAY Nana Meskhidze, Georgian artist-painter (d. 1997)
13th of March 1938 BIRTHDAY Erma Franklin, American singer (d. 2002)
13th of March 1938 BIRTHDAY Tochinoumi Teruyoshi, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 49th Yokozuna
13th of March 1939 BIRTHDAY Neil Sedaka, American singer and songwriter
13th of March 1941 BIRTHDAY Mahmoud Darwish, Palestinian prominent poet and writer of prose (d. 2008)
13th of March 1941 BIRTHDAY Donella Meadows, American scientist (d. 2001)
13th of March 1942 BIRTHDAY Dave Cutler, American software engineer
13th of March 1942 BIRTHDAY Scatman John, American singer (real name John Larkin) (d. 1999)
13th of March 1942 BIRTHDAY Geoffrey Hayes, English television presenter and actor
13th of March 1943 BIRTHDAY Andre Techine, French film director and screenwriter
13th of March 1945 BIRTHDAY Anatoly Timofeevich Fomenko, Russian mathematician
13th of March 1946 BIRTHDAY Yonatan Netanyahu, Israeli soldier (d. 1976)
13th of March 1947 BIRTHDAY Beat Richner, Swiss physician and cellist
13th of March 1948 BIRTHDAY Robert S. Woods, American actor
13th of March 1949 BIRTHDAY Hiroshi Kazato, Japanese racing driver (d. 1974)
13th of March 1949 BIRTHDAY Julia Migenes, American soprano
13th of March 1950 BIRTHDAY Charles Krauthammer, American political commentator
13th of March 1950 BIRTHDAY William H. Macy, American actor
13th of March 1951 BIRTHDAY Fred Berry, American actor and dancer (d. 2003)
13th of March 1952 BIRTHDAY Wolfgang Rihm, German composer
13th of March 1953 BIRTHDAY Deborah Raffin, American actress
13th of March 1955 BIRTHDAY Bruno Conti, Italian footballer
13th of March 1955 BIRTHDAY Glenne Headly, American actress
13th of March 1956 BIRTHDAY Dana Delany, American actress
13th of March 1956 BIRTHDAY Jamie Dimon, American Banking executive
13th of March 1957 BIRTHDAY John Hoeven, American politician, 31st governor and junior senator from North Dakota
13th of March 1957 BIRTHDAY Steve Lake, American baseball player
13th of March 1958 BIRTHDAY Linda Robson, English actress
13th of March 1959 BIRTHDAY Kathy Hilton, socialite-Hilton Hotels, mother of Nicky Hilton and Paris Hilton
13th of March 1960 BIRTHDAY Yuri Andrukhovych, Ukrainian writer, poet and political essayist
13th of March 1960 BIRTHDAY Joe Ranft, American animator (d. 2005)
13th of March 1960 BIRTHDAY Adam Clayton, Irish bassist (U2)
13th of March 1963 BIRTHDAY Fito Paez, Argentine musician and songwriter
13th of March 1964 BIRTHDAY Joao Gordo, American musician (Ratos de Porao)
13th of March 1964 BIRTHDAY Will Clark, American baseball player
13th of March 1967 BIRTHDAY Andres Escobar, Colombian footballer (d. 1994)
13th of March 1968 BIRTHDAY Akira Nogami, Japanese professional wrestler
13th of March 1970 BIRTHDAY Tim Story, American film director
13th of March 1971 BIRTHDAY Annabeth Gish, American actress
13th of March 1971 BIRTHDAY Robert Lanham, American author and satirist
13th of March 1972 BIRTHDAY Common, American rapper
13th of March 1973 BIRTHDAY David Draiman, American musician and songwriter (Disturbed)
13th of March 1973 BIRTHDAY Bobby Jackson, American basketballer
13th of March 1973 BIRTHDAY Edgar Davids, Dutch footballer
13th of March 1974 BIRTHDAY Thomas Enqvist, Swedish tennis player
13th of March 1974 BIRTHDAY Vampeta, Brazilian footballer
13th of March 1976 BIRTHDAY James Dewees, American musician
13th of March 1976 BIRTHDAY Danny Masterson, American actor
13th of March 1976 BIRTHDAY Troy Hudson, American basketball player
13th of March 1977 BIRTHDAY Kay Tse, Hong Kong singer
13th of March 1977 BIRTHDAY Momo Sylla, Guinean footballer
13th of March 1978 BIRTHDAY Tom Danielson, American cyclist
13th of March 1978 BIRTHDAY Kenny Watson, American football player
13th of March 1979 BIRTHDAY Spanky G, American musician (Bloodhound Gang)
13th of March 1979 BIRTHDAY Johan Santana, Venezuelan baseball player
13th of March 1979 BIRTHDAY Cedric Van Branteghem, Belgian athlete
13th of March 1980 BIRTHDAY Molly Stanton, American actress
13th of March 1980 BIRTHDAY Caron Butler, American basketballer
13th of March 1981 BIRTHDAY April Matson, American actress and singer
13th of March 1981 BIRTHDAY Stephen Maguire, Scottish snooker player
13th of March 1982 BIRTHDAY Jeremy Curl, British explorer
13th of March 1982 BIRTHDAY Nicole Ohlde, WNBA basketball player
13th of March 1982 BIRTHDAY Adam Thomson, New Zealand rugby player
13th of March 1983 BIRTHDAY Dan Lupu, Romanian Actor
13th of March 1983 BIRTHDAY Kaitlin Sandeno, American swimmer
13th of March 1984 BIRTHDAY Rachael Bella, actress
13th of March 1984 BIRTHDAY Pieter Custers, Dutch athlete
13th of March 1984 BIRTHDAY Noel Fisher, Canadian actor
13th of March 1984 BIRTHDAY Steve Darcis, Belgian tennis player
13th of March 1984 BIRTHDAY Yuuka Nanri, Japanese seiyu
13th of March 1984 BIRTHDAY Marc Zwiebler, German badminton player
13th of March 1985 BIRTHDAY Emile Hirsch, American actor
13th of March 1985 BIRTHDAY Austin Scott, American football player
13th of March 1985 BIRTHDAY Alcides, Brazilian football player
13th of March 1986 BIRTHDAY Chiaki Kyan, Japanese gravure idol
13th of March 1987 BIRTHDAY Marco Andretti, American racecar driver
13th of March 1987 BIRTHDAY Rosela Gjylbegu, Albanian singer
13th of March 1989 BIRTHDAY Holger Badstuber, German footballer
13th of March 1989 BIRTHDAY Harry Melling, British actor
13th of March 1999 BIRTHDAY Wiktoria Gasiewska, Polish actress
13th of March 1271 DEATH Henry of Almain, English crusader (Born 1235)
13th of March 1395 DEATH John Barbour, Scottish poet
13th of March 1417 DEATH Crown Prince Minyekyawswa of Ava (Born 1391)
13th of March 1516 DEATH King Ladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary (Born 1456)
13th of March 1569 DEATH Louis I de Bourbon, Prince de Conde, French Huguenot general (Born 1530)
13th of March 1573 DEATH Michel de l'Hopital, French statesman (Born 1507)
13th of March 1604 DEATH Arnaud d'Ossat, French diplomat and writer (Born 1537)
13th of March 1619 DEATH Richard Burbage, English actor (Born 1567)
13th of March 1711 DEATH Nicolas Boileau-Despreaux, French poet and critic (Born 1636)
13th of March 1719 DEATH Johann Friedrich Bottger, German alchemist (Born 1682)
13th of March 1767 DEATH Maria Josepha of Saxony, Dauphine of France, mother of Louis XVI (Born1731)
13th of March 1773 DEATH Philibert Commercon, French naturalist and explorer (Born 1727)
13th of March 1778 DEATH Charles le Beau, French historian (Born 1701)
13th of March 1803 DEATH William Emes, English landscape architect (Born 1729 or 1730)
13th of March 1808 DEATH King Christian VII of Denmark (Born 1749)
13th of March 1842 DEATH Henry Shrapnel, British soldier and inventor (Born 1761)
13th of March 1854 DEATH Jean-Baptiste de Villele, French statesman (Born 1773)
13th of March 1873 DEATH David Swinson Maynard, Founder of Seattle, Washington, United States (Born 1808)
13th of March 1879 DEATH Adolf Anderssen, German chess player (Born 1818)
13th of March 1881 DEATH Tsar Alexander II of Russia (Born 1818)
13th of March 1884 DEATH Leland Stanford, Jr., son of American railroad magnate, Stanford University named for him (Born 1868)
13th of March 1901 DEATH Benjamin Harrison, 23rd President of the United States (Born 1833)
13th of March 1906 DEATH Susan B. Anthony, American women's suffrage activist (Born 1820)
13th of March 1911 DEATH John J. Toffey, American Civil War Medal of Honor Recipient (Born 1844)
13th of March 1918 DEATH Cesar Cui, Russian composer (Born 1835)
13th of March 1925 DEATH Lucille Ricksen, American actress (Born 1909)
13th of March 1938 DEATH Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin, Russian politician and intellectual (Born 1888)
13th of March 1938 DEATH Clarence Darrow, American attorney (Born 1857)
13th of March 1941 DEATH Elizabeth Madox Roberts, American poet and novelist (Born 1881)
13th of March 1943 DEATH Stephen Vincent Benet, American author (Born 1898)
13th of March 1949 DEATH Henri Giraud, French general (Born 1879)
13th of March 1955 DEATH King Tribhuvan of Nepal (Born 1906)
13th of March 1960 DEATH Yosef Zvi HaLevy, Israeli rabbi and judge (Born 1874)
13th of March 1963 DEATH Austin Dobson, British racing driver (Born 1912)
13th of March 1964 DEATH Kitty Genovese, American murder victim (Born 1935)
13th of March 1965 DEATH Fan S. Noli, Albanian bishop, poet, and politician (Born 1882)
13th of March 1965 DEATH Vittorio Jano, Italian engineer (Born 1891)
13th of March 1965 DEATH Corrado Gini, Italian statistician (Born 1884)
13th of March 1972 DEATH Tony Ray-Jones, British photographer (Born 1941)
13th of March 1975 DEATH Ivo Andric, Serbo-Croatian writer, Nobel laureate (Born 1892)
13th of March 1983 DEATH Louison Bobet, French cyclist (Born 1925)
13th of March 1988 DEATH John Holmes, American porn star (Born 1944)
13th of March 1990 DEATH Karl Munchinger, German conductor (Born 1915)
13th of March 1990 DEATH Bruno Bettelheim, American psychiatrist (Born 1903)
13th of March 1995 DEATH Leon Day, American baseball player (Born 1916)
13th of March 1995 DEATH Odette Sansom Hallowes, French-born WWII heroine (Born 1912)
13th of March 1996 DEATH Krzysztof Kieslowski, Polish film director (Born 1941)
13th of March 1998 DEATH Hans von Ohain, German engineer (Born 1911)
13th of March 1998 DEATH Bill Reid, Canadian artist (Born 1920)
13th of March 1999 DEATH Lee Falk, American cartoonist (Born 1911)
13th of March 1999 DEATH Garson Kanin, American writer and director (Born 1912)
13th of March 1999 DEATH Bidu Sayao, Brazilian born soprano (Born 1902)
13th of March 2001 DEATH Encarnacion Alzona, Filipino historian (Born 1895)
13th of March 2002 DEATH Hans-Georg Gadamer, German philosopher (Born 1900)
13th of March 2004 DEATH Franz Konig, Austrian Catholic Archbishop of Vienna (Born 1905)
13th of March 2006 DEATH Jimmy Johnstone, Scottish footballer (Born 1944)
13th of March 2006 DEATH Peter Tomarken, American game show host (Press Your Luck) (Born 1942)
13th of March 2006 DEATH Maureen Stapleton, American actress (Born 1925)
13th of March 2006 DEATH Robert C. Baker, Inventor of the chicken nugget (Born 1921)
13th of March 2007 DEATH Arnold Skaaland, American professional wrestler (Born 1925)
13th of March 2009 DEATH Andrew "Test" Martin, Canadian professional wrestler (Born 1975)
13th of March 2009 DEATH Betsy Blair, American actress of film and stage, (Born 1923)
13th of March 2010 DEATH He Pingping, the world's shortest man who was able to walk. (Born 1988)
13th of March 2011 DEATH Owsley Stanley, Sound Engineer for The Grateful Dead and renowned LSD manufacturer (Born 1935)