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This Day On History
Date Description Type
21st of July 0230 EVENT Pope Pontian succeeds Urban I as the eighteenth pope.
21st of July 0285 EVENT Diocletian appoints Maximian as Caesar and co-ruler.
21st of July 0365 EVENT A tsunami devastates the city of Alexandria, Egypt. The tsunami is caused by an earthquake estimated to be 8.0 on the Richter Scale. 5,000 people perished in Alexandria, and 45,000 more died outside the city.
21st of July 1403 EVENT Battle of Shrewsbury: King Henry IV of England defeats rebels to the north of the county town of Shropshire, England.
21st of July 1545 EVENT The first landing of French troops on the coast of the Isle of Wight during the French invasion of the Isle of Wight.
21st of July 1568 EVENT Eighty Years' War: Battle of Jemmingen : Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, Duke of Alva defeats Louis of Nassau.
21st of July 1718 EVENT The Treaty of Passarowitz between the Ottoman Empire, Austria and the Republic of Venice is signed.
21st of July 1774 EVENT Russo-Turkish War, 1768-1774: Russia and the Ottoman Empire sign the Treaty of Kuchuk-Kainarji ending the war.
21st of July 1831 EVENT Inauguration of Leopold I of Belgium, first king of the Belgians.
21st of July 1861 EVENT American Civil War: First Battle of Bull Run : at Manassas Junction, Virginia, the first major battle of the war begins and ends in a victory for the Confederate army.
21st of July 1865 EVENT In the market square of Springfield, Missouri, Wild Bill Hickok shoots and kills Davis Tutt in what is regarded as the first western showdown.
21st of July 1873 EVENT At Adair, Iowa, Jesse James and the James-Younger Gang pull off the first successful train robbery in the American Old West.
21st of July 1877 EVENT After rioting by Baltimore and Ohio Railroad workers and the deaths of nine rail workers at the hands of the Maryland militia, workers in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania stage a sympathy strike that is met with an assault by the state militia.
21st of July 1904 EVENT Louis Rigolly, a Frenchman, becomes the first man to break the 100 mph (161 km/h) barrier on land. He drove a 15-liter Gobron-Brille in Ostend, Belgium.
21st of July 1918 EVENT U-156 shells Nauset Beach, in Orleans, Massachusetts.
21st of July 1919 EVENT The dirigible Wingfoot Air Express crashes into the Illinois Trust and Savings Building in Chicago, killing 12 people.
21st of July 1925 EVENT Scopes Trial: In Dayton, Tennessee, high school biology teacher John T. Scopes is found guilty of teaching evolution in class and fined $100.
21st of July 1925 EVENT Sir Malcolm Campbell becomes the first man to break the 150 mph (241 km/h) land barrier at Pendine Sands in Wales. He drove a Sunbeam at a two-way average speed of 150.33 mph (242 km/h).
21st of July 1944 EVENT World War II: Battle of Guam : American troops land on Guam starting the battle. It would end on August 10.
21st of July 1944 EVENT World War II: Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg and fellow conspirators are executed in Berlin, Germany for the July 20 plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler.
21st of July 1949 EVENT The United States Senate ratifies the North Atlantic Treaty.
21st of July 1954 EVENT First Indochina War: The Geneva Conference partitions Vietnam into North Vietnam and South Vietnam.
21st of July 1959 EVENT Elijah Jerry "Pumpsie" Green becomes the first African-American to play for the Boston Red Sox, the last team to integrate. He came in as a pinch runner for Vic Wertz and stayed in as shortstop in a 2-1 loss to the Chicago White Sox.
21st of July 1960 EVENT Sirimavo Bandaranaike is elected Prime Minister of Sri Lanka and becomes the world's first woman prime minister.
21st of July 1961 EVENT Mercury program: Mercury-Redstone 4 Mission : Gus Grissom piloting Liberty Bell 7 becomes the second American to go into space (in a suborbital mission).
21st of July 1969 EVENT Neil Armstrong and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin become the first men to walk on the Moon, during the Apollo 11 mission.
21st of July 1970 EVENT After 11 years of construction, the Aswan High Dam in Egypt is completed.
21st of July 1972 EVENT Bloody Friday bombings by the Provisional IRA around Belfast, Northern Ireland : 22 bombs are detonated, killing 9 and seriously injuring 130.
21st of July 1973 EVENT In the Lillehammer affair in Norway, Israeli Mossad agents kill a waiter whom they mistakenly thought was involved in 1972's Munich Olympics Massacre.
21st of July 1976 EVENT Christopher Ewart-Biggs British ambassador to the Republic of Ireland is assassinated by the Provisional IRA.
21st of July 1977 EVENT The start of the four day long Libyan-Egyptian War.
21st of July 1983 EVENT The world's lowest temperature is recorded at Vostok Station, Antarctica at -89.2 ?C (-128.6 ?F).
21st of July 1995 EVENT Third Taiwan Strait Crisis: The People's Liberation Army begins firing missiles into the waters north of Taiwan.
21st of July 1997 EVENT The fully restored USS Constitution (aka Old Ironsides) celebrates her 200th birthday by setting sail for the first time in 116 years.
21st of July 2001 EVENT At the conclusion of a fireworks display on Okura Beach in Akashi, Hyogo, Japan, 11 people are killed and more than 120 are injured when a pedestrian footbridge connecting the beach to JR Asagiri railway station becomes overcrowded and people leaving the event fall down in a domino effect.
21st of July 2005 EVENT Four terrorist bombings, occurring exactly two weeks after the similar July 7 bombings, target London's public transportation system. All four bombs fail to detonate and all four suspected suicide bombers are captured and later convicted and imprisoned for long terms.
21st of July 1620 BIRTHDAY Jean Picard, French astronomer (d. 1682)
21st of July 1664 BIRTHDAY Matthew Prior, English poet and diplomat (d. 1721)
21st of July 1693 BIRTHDAY Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1768)
21st of July 1710 BIRTHDAY Paul Mohring, German physician (d. 1792)
21st of July 1762 BIRTHDAY Timothy Hinman, pioneer road builder
21st of July 1808 BIRTHDAY Simion Barnutiu, Romanian philosopher and politician (d. 1864)
21st of July 1810 BIRTHDAY Henri Victor Regnault, French chemist (d. 1878)
21st of July 1816 BIRTHDAY Paul Reuter, German-born British journalist (d. 1899)
21st of July 1851 BIRTHDAY Sam Bass, American train robber and outlaw (d. 1878)
21st of July 1858 BIRTHDAY Maria Christina of Austria, queen of Spain (d. 1929)
21st of July 1858 BIRTHDAY Lovis Corinth, German painter (d. 1925)
21st of July 1858 BIRTHDAY Alfred Henry O'Keeffe, New Zealand artist (d. 1941)
21st of July 1863 BIRTHDAY Aubrey Smith, English cricketer and actor (d. 1948)
21st of July 1870 BIRTHDAY Emil Orlik, Czech painter (d. 1932)
21st of July 1880 BIRTHDAY Milan Rastislav Stefanik, Slovak politician and astronomer (d. 1919)
21st of July 1882 BIRTHDAY David Burliuk, Ukrainian artist (d. 1967)
21st of July 1893 BIRTHDAY Hans Fallada, German writer (d. 1947)
21st of July 1899 BIRTHDAY Ernest Hemingway, American writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1961)
21st of July 1899 BIRTHDAY Hart Crane, American poet (d. 1932)
21st of July 1903 BIRTHDAY Roy Neuberger, American financier (d. 2010)
21st of July 1908 BIRTHDAY Harold "Jug" McSpaden, American professional golfer (d. 1996)
21st of July 1911 BIRTHDAY Marshall McLuhan, Canadian author (d. 1980)
21st of July 1920 BIRTHDAY Constance Dowling, American actress (d. 1969)
21st of July 1920 BIRTHDAY Isaac Stern, Ukrainian-born violinist (d. 2001)
21st of July 1920 BIRTHDAY Constant Nieuwenhuys, Dutch painter (d. 2005)
21st of July 1922 BIRTHDAY Kay Starr, American singer
21st of July 1922 BIRTHDAY Mollie Sugden, British comedic actress (d. 2009)
21st of July 1923 BIRTHDAY Rudolph A. Marcus, Canadian chemist, Nobel laureate
21st of July 1924 BIRTHDAY Don Knotts, American actor (d. 2006)
21st of July 1925 BIRTHDAY Anne Meacham, American actress (d. 2006)
21st of July 1926 BIRTHDAY Paul Burke, American actor (d. 2009)
21st of July 1926 BIRTHDAY Norman Jewison, Canadian film director
21st of July 1926 BIRTHDAY Rahimuddin Khan, Pakistani general
21st of July 1926 BIRTHDAY Karel Reisz, British film director (d. 2002)
21st of July 1926 BIRTHDAY Queenie Watts, English actress (d. 1980)
21st of July 1928 BIRTHDAY Marcel Gauthier, Canadian wrestler (d. 1998)
21st of July 1929 BIRTHDAY Bob Orton, American wrestler (d. 2006)
21st of July 1930 BIRTHDAY Anand Bakshi, Indian lyricist (d. 2002)
21st of July 1932 BIRTHDAY Ernie Warlick, American football player
21st of July 1933 BIRTHDAY John Gardner, American author (d. 1982)
21st of July 1934 BIRTHDAY Chandu Borde, former Indian cricketer
21st of July 1934 BIRTHDAY Jonathan Miller, British theatre director
21st of July 1935 BIRTHDAY Norbert Blum, German politician
21st of July 1935 BIRTHDAY Moe Drabowsky, baseball player (d. 2006)
21st of July 1938 BIRTHDAY Les Aspin, American politician (d. 1995)
21st of July 1938 BIRTHDAY Anton Kuerti, Canadian pianist, composer and conductor
21st of July 1938 BIRTHDAY Janet Reno, 79th United States Attorney General
21st of July 1939 BIRTHDAY John Negroponte, 1st United States Director of National Intelligence
21st of July 1943 BIRTHDAY Edward Herrmann, American actor
21st of July 1944 BIRTHDAY Paul Wellstone, American politician (d. 2002)
21st of July 1945 BIRTHDAY John Lowe, English darts player
21st of July 1945 BIRTHDAY Barry Richards, Former South African cricketer
21st of July 1945 BIRTHDAY Geoff Dymock, Former Australian cricketer
21st of July 1945 BIRTHDAY Lydia Shum, Hong Kong comedian and actress (d. 2008)
21st of July 1946 BIRTHDAY Kenneth Starr, American lawyer
21st of July 1946 BIRTHDAY Barry Whitwam, British musician (Herman's Hermits)
21st of July 1947 BIRTHDAY Chetan Chauhan, Former Indian cricketer
21st of July 1948 BIRTHDAY Ed Hinton, American sportswriter
21st of July 1948 BIRTHDAY Cat Stevens (Yusuf Islam), English singer/songwriter
21st of July 1948 BIRTHDAY Teruzane Utada, Japanese music record producer and manager
21st of July 1948 BIRTHDAY Garry Trudeau, American cartoonist
21st of July 1948 BIRTHDAY Art Hindle, Canadian actor
21st of July 1949 BIRTHDAY Hirini Melbourne, New Zealand musician and composer
21st of July 1949 BIRTHDAY Al Hrabosky, baseball player
21st of July 1950 BIRTHDAY Ubaldo Fillol, Argentinian footballer
21st of July 1951 BIRTHDAY Robin Williams, American comedian/actor
21st of July 1952 BIRTHDAY John Barrasso, American politician
21st of July 1952 BIRTHDAY Susannah Carr, Australian journalist
21st of July 1953 BIRTHDAY Brian Talbot, British footballer
21st of July 1953 BIRTHDAY Jeff Fatt, Chinese-Australian actor
21st of July 1955 BIRTHDAY Howie Epstein, American musician (d. 2003)
21st of July 1955 BIRTHDAY Taco, Dutch singer
21st of July 1955 BIRTHDAY Bela Tarr, Hungarian film director
21st of July 1956 BIRTHDAY Michael Connelly, American author
21st of July 1957 BIRTHDAY George Landress, American songwriter and music producer
21st of July 1957 BIRTHDAY Jon Lovitz, American comedian
21st of July 1959 BIRTHDAY Paul Vautin, Australian rugby league player
21st of July 1960 BIRTHDAY Fritz Walter, German footballer
21st of July 1960 BIRTHDAY Lance Guest, American actor
21st of July 1961 BIRTHDAY Jim Martin, American musician (Faith No More)
21st of July 1961 BIRTHDAY Amar Singh Chamkila, Punjabi folk singer
21st of July 1963 BIRTHDAY Kevin Poole, English footballer
21st of July 1963 BIRTHDAY Paulo Silva, Brazilian mixed martial artist
21st of July 1964 BIRTHDAY Jens Weissflog, German ski jumper
21st of July 1964 BIRTHDAY Ross Kemp, British actor
21st of July 1965 BIRTHDAY Mike Bordick, American baseball player
21st of July 1965 BIRTHDAY Jovy Marcelo, Filipino racing driver (d. 1992)
21st of July 1965 BIRTHDAY Gu?ni Bergsson, Icelandic footballer
21st of July 1966 BIRTHDAY Arija Bareikis, American actress
21st of July 1966 BIRTHDAY Sarah Waters, British novelist
21st of July 1968 BIRTHDAY Johnnie Barnes, American football player
21st of July 1968 BIRTHDAY Brandi Chastain, American soccer player
21st of July 1968 BIRTHDAY Lyle Odelein, Canadian hockey player
21st of July 1969 BIRTHDAY Klaus Graf, German racing driver
21st of July 1969 BIRTHDAY Godfrey, American comedian
21st of July 1969 BIRTHDAY Emerson Hart, American musician (Tonic)
21st of July 1970 BIRTHDAY Shawn Stasiak, American professional wrestler
21st of July 1971 BIRTHDAY Emmanuel Bangue, French long jumper
21st of July 1971 BIRTHDAY Nuno Markl, Portuguese comedian and radio host
21st of July 1971 BIRTHDAY Charlotte Gainsbourg, French actress and singer
21st of July 1971 BIRTHDAY Marcus Eoin, Scottish musician (Boards of Canada)
21st of July 1972 BIRTHDAY Shinjiro Otani, Japanese professional wrestler
21st of July 1973 BIRTHDAY Ali Landry, American model and actress
21st of July 1974 BIRTHDAY Geoff Jenkins, American baseball player
21st of July 1975 BIRTHDAY Chris Bisson, British actor
21st of July 1975 BIRTHDAY Ravindra Pushpakumara, Sri Lankan cricketer
21st of July 1975 BIRTHDAY Mike Sellers, American football player
21st of July 1977 BIRTHDAY Paul Casey, English golfer
21st of July 1977 BIRTHDAY Jaime Murray, British actress
21st of July 1978 BIRTHDAY Anderson, Brazilian footballer
21st of July 1978 BIRTHDAY Justin Bartha, American actor
21st of July 1978 BIRTHDAY Kyoko Iwasaki, Japanese swimmer
21st of July 1978 BIRTHDAY Josh Hartnett, American actor
21st of July 1978 BIRTHDAY Gary Teale, Scottish footballer
21st of July 1978 BIRTHDAY Damian Marley, Jamaican musician
21st of July 1979 BIRTHDAY David Carr, American football player
21st of July 1979 BIRTHDAY Andriy Voronin, Ukrainian football player
21st of July 1979 BIRTHDAY Tamika Catchings, American basketball player
21st of July 1980 BIRTHDAY Tailor James, Canadian model
21st of July 1980 BIRTHDAY CC Sabathia, American baseball player
21st of July 1981 BIRTHDAY Titus Bramble, English footballer
21st of July 1981 BIRTHDAY Anabelle Langlois, Canadian figure skater
21st of July 1981 BIRTHDAY Blake Lewis, American musician
21st of July 1981 BIRTHDAY Yushin Okami, Japanese mixed martial artist
21st of July 1981 BIRTHDAY Stefan Schumacher, German cyclist
21st of July 1981 BIRTHDAY Chrishell Stause, American actress
21st of July 1981 BIRTHDAY Joaquin Sanchez, Spanish footballer
21st of July 1982 BIRTHDAY Mao Kobayashi, Japanese actress
21st of July 1983 BIRTHDAY Kellen Winslow II, American football player
21st of July 1983 BIRTHDAY Eiv?r Palsdottir, Faroese singer
21st of July 1984 BIRTHDAY Liam Ridgewell, English footballer
21st of July 1984 BIRTHDAY Jurrick Juliana, Dutch footballer
21st of July 1985 BIRTHDAY Von Wafer, American basketball player
21st of July 1985 BIRTHDAY Paloma Faith, British singer
21st of July 1985 BIRTHDAY Vanessa Lengies, Canadian actress
21st of July 1988 BIRTHDAY Chris Mitchell, Scottish footballer
21st of July 1989 BIRTHDAY Rory Culkin, American actor
21st of July 1989 BIRTHDAY Chelsie Hightower, American professional dancer (Dancing with the Stars, former So You Think You Can Dance contestant)
21st of July 1989 BIRTHDAY Chris Gunter, Welsh footballer
21st of July 1989 BIRTHDAY Juno Temple, English actress
21st of July 1989 BIRTHDAY Jamie Waylett, English actor
21st of July 1990 BIRTHDAY Chris Martin, English footballer
21st of July 1992 BIRTHDAY Rachael Flatt, American figure skater
21st of July 1992 BIRTHDAY Giselle Klein, Canadian sprint car driver
21st of July 1403 DEATH Henry Percy, English nobleman and soldier (Born 1364)
21st of July 1425 DEATH Manuel II Palaeologus, Byzantine Emperor (Born 1350)
21st of July 1688 DEATH James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde, English statesman and soldier (Born 1610)
21st of July 1793 DEATH Bruni d'Entrecasteaux, French explorer (Born 1739)
21st of July 1796 DEATH Robert Burns, Scottish poet (Born 1759)
21st of July 1798 DEATH Francois Sebastien Charles Joseph de Croix, Count of Clerfayt, Austrian field marshal (Born 1733)
21st of July 1878 DEATH Sam Bass, American train robber and outlaw (Born 1851)
21st of July 1880 DEATH Hiram Walden, American politician (Born 1800)
21st of July 1889 DEATH Nelson Dewey, American politician (Born 1813)
21st of July 1899 DEATH Robert G. Ingersoll, American politician and military officer (Born 1833)
21st of July 1932 DEATH Bill Gleason, American baseball player (Born 1858)
21st of July 1938 DEATH Owen Wister, American author (Born 1860)
21st of July 1941 DEATH Bohdan Lepky, Ukrainian writer and poet (Born 1872)
21st of July 1943 DEATH Charlie Paddock, American athlete (Born 1900)
21st of July 1944 DEATH Ludwig Beck, German Chief of Staff (Born 1880)
21st of July 1944 DEATH Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg, German military officer and head of the failed 20 July Plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler (Born 1907)
21st of July 1946 DEATH Gualberto Villarroel, Bolivian politician (Born 1908)
21st of July 1948 DEATH Arshile Gorky, Armenian-born American artist (Born 1904)
21st of July 1967 DEATH Jimmie Foxx, American baseball player (Born 1907)
21st of July 1967 DEATH Albert Lutuli, South African politician, Nobel Peace Prize laureate
21st of July 1967 DEATH Basil Rathbone, English actor (Born 1892)
21st of July 1968 DEATH Ruth St. Denis, American dancer and choreographer (Born 1878)
21st of July 1970 DEATH Mikhail Gerasimov, Russian anthropologist and sculptor (Born 1907)
21st of July 1970 DEATH Bob Kalsu, American football player (Born 1945)
21st of July 1972 DEATH Jigme Dorji Wangchuck, Third king of Bhutan (Born 1928)
21st of July 1972 DEATH Ralph Craig, American athlete (Born 1889)
21st of July 1977 DEATH Lee Miller, American photographer (Born 1907)
21st of July 1982 DEATH Dave Garroway, American television host (Born 1913)
21st of July 1986 DEATH Ernest Maas, American screenwriter (Born 1892)
21st of July 1991 DEATH Paul Warwick, English racing driver (Born 1969)
21st of July 1998 DEATH Alan Shepard, American astronaut (Born 1923)
21st of July 1998 DEATH Robert Young, American actor (Born 1907)
21st of July 2000 DEATH Marc Reisner, American writer (Born 1948)
21st of July 2001 DEATH Steve Barton, American actor (Born 1954)
21st of July 2001 DEATH Sivaji Ganesan, Indian Tamil actor (Born 1927)
21st of July 2003 DEATH John Davies, New Zealander athlete (Born 1938)
21st of July 2003 DEATH Matt Jefferies, American film art director (Born 1921)
21st of July 2004 DEATH Edward B. Lewis, American geneticist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate (Born 1918)
21st of July 2004 DEATH Jerry Goldsmith, American composer (Born 1929)
21st of July 2005 DEATH Alfred Hayes, British wrestling announcer (Born 1928)
21st of July 2005 DEATH Long John Baldry, British blues musician (Born 1941)
21st of July 2005 DEATH Michael Chapman, British classical bassoonist (Born 1934)
21st of July 2006 DEATH Ta Mok, Cambodian Khmer Rouge leader (Born 1926)
21st of July 2006 DEATH Mako, Japanese-born American actor (Born 1933)
21st of July 2006 DEATH Herbert "Herbie" Kalin, American singer (The Kalin Twins) (Born 1934)
21st of July 2010 DEATH Luis Corvalan, Chilean communist leader (Born 1916)