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This Day On History
Date Description Type
30th of January 1048 EVENT Protestantism: The villagers around today's Baden-Baden elect their own priest in defiance of the local bishop.
30th of January 1648 EVENT Eighty Years' War: The Treaty of Munster and Osnabruck is signed, ending the conflict between the Netherlands and Spain.
30th of January 1649 EVENT King Charles I of England is beheaded.
30th of January 1661 EVENT Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England is ritually executed two years after his death, on the anniversary of the execution of the monarch he himself deposed.
30th of January 1667 EVENT The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth cedes Kiev, Smolensk, and left-bank Ukraine to the Tsardom of Russia in the Treaty of Andrusovo.
30th of January 1703 EVENT The Forty-seven Ronin, under the command of Oishi Kuranosuke, avenge the death of their master.
30th of January 1790 EVENT The first boat specializing as a lifeboat is tested on the River Tyne.
30th of January 1806 EVENT The original Lower Trenton Bridge (also called the Trenton Makes the World Takes Bridge), which spans the Delaware River between Morrisville, Pennsylvania and Trenton, New Jersey, is opened.
30th of January 1820 EVENT Edward Bransfield sights the Trinity Peninsula and claims the discovery of Antarctica.
30th of January 1826 EVENT The Menai Suspension Bridge, considered the world's first modern suspension bridge, connecting the Isle of Anglesey to the north West coast of Wales, is opened.
30th of January 1835 EVENT In the first assassination attempt against a President of the United States, Richard Lawrence attempts to shoot president Andrew Jackson, but fails and is subdued by a crowd, including several congressmen.
30th of January 1841 EVENT A fire destroys two-thirds of Mayaguez, Puerto Rico.
30th of January 1847 EVENT Yerba Buena, California is renamed San Francisco.
30th of January 1858 EVENT The first Halle concert is given in Manchester, England, marking the official founding of the Halle Orchestra as a full-time, professional orchestra.
30th of January 1862 EVENT The first American ironclad warship, the USS Monitor is launched.
30th of January 1889 EVENT Archduke Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown, is found dead with his mistress Baroness Mary Vetsera in Mayerling.
30th of January 1902 EVENT The first Anglo-Japanese Alliance is signed in London.
30th of January 1911 EVENT The Canadian Naval Service becomes the Royal Canadian Navy.
30th of January 1911 EVENT The destroyer USS Terry (DD-25) makes the first airplane rescue at sea saving the life of James McCurdy 10 miles from Havana, Cuba.
30th of January 1913 EVENT The United Kingdom's House of Lords rejects the Irish Home Rule Bill.
30th of January 1925 EVENT The Government of Turkey throws Patriarch Constantine VI out of Istanbul.
30th of January 1933 EVENT Adolf Hitler is sworn in as Chancellor of Germany.
30th of January 1942 EVENT World War II: Japanese forces invade the island of Ambon in the Dutch East Indies.
30th of January 1943 EVENT World War II: Second day of the Battle of Rennell Island. The USS Chicago (CA-29) is sunk and a U.S. destroyer is heavily damaged by Japanese torpedoes.
30th of January 1944 EVENT World War II: United States troops land on Majuro.
30th of January 1945 EVENT World War II: The Wilhelm Gustloff, overfilled with refugees, sinks in the Baltic Sea after being torpedoed by a Soviet submarine, leading to the deadliest known maritime disaster, killing approximately 9,400 people.
30th of January 1945 EVENT World War II: Raid at Cabanatuan: 126 American Rangers and Filipino resistance liberate 500 prisoners from the Cabanatuan POW camp.
30th of January 1948 EVENT Indian pacifist and leader Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi known for his non-violent freedom struggle is assassinated by Pandit Nathuram Godse, a Hindu extremist.
30th of January 1956 EVENT American civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr.'s home is bombed in retaliation for the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
30th of January 1959 EVENT MS Hans Hedtoft, said to be the safest ship afloat and "unsinkable" like the RMS Titanic, struck an iceberg on her maiden voyage and sank, killing all 95 aboard.
30th of January 1960 EVENT The African National Party is founded in Chad, through the merger of traditionalist parties.
30th of January 1964 EVENT Ranger program: Ranger 6 is launched.
30th of January 1964 EVENT In a bloodless coup, General Nguyen Khanh overthrows General Duong Van Minh's military junta in South Vietnam.
30th of January 1969 EVENT The Beatles' last public performance, on the roof of Apple Records in London. The impromptu concert is broken up by the police.
30th of January 1971 EVENT Carole King's Tapestry album is released, it would become the longest charting album by a female solo artist and sell 24 million copies worldwide.
30th of January 1972 EVENT Bloody Sunday: British Paratroopers kill fourteen unarmed civil rights/anti internment marchers in Northern Ireland.
30th of January 1972 EVENT Pakistan withdraws from the Commonwealth of Nations.
30th of January 1975 EVENT The Monitor National Marine Sanctuary is established as the first United States National Marine Sanctuary.
30th of January 1979 EVENT Varig 707-323C freighter, flown by the same commander as Flight 820, disappears over the Pacific Ocean 30 minutes after taking off from Tokyo.
30th of January 1982 EVENT Richard Skrenta writes the first PC virus code, which is 400 lines long and disguised as an Apple boot program called "Elk Cloner".
30th of January 1989 EVENT The American embassy in Kabul, Afghanistan closes.
30th of January 1994 EVENT Peter Leko becomes the youngest chess grand master.
30th of January 1995 EVENT Workers from the National Institutes of Health announce the success of clinical trials testing the first preventive treatment for sickle-cell disease.
30th of January 1996 EVENT Gino Gallagher, the suspected leader of the Irish National Liberation Army, is killed while waiting in line for his unemployment benefit.
30th of January 2000 EVENT Off the coast of Ivory Coast, Kenya Airways Flight 431 crashes into the Atlantic Ocean, killing 169.
30th of January 0133 BIRTHDAY Marcus Severus Didius Julianus, Roman Emperor (d. 193)
30th of January 1563 BIRTHDAY Franciscus Gomarus, Dutch theologian (d. 1641)
30th of January 1615 BIRTHDAY Thomas Rolfe, American colonial settler; son of Pocahontas and John Rolfe (d. 1675)
30th of January 1661 BIRTHDAY Charles Rollin, French historian (d. 1741)
30th of January 1697 BIRTHDAY Johann Joachim Quantz, German flautist and composer (d. 1773)
30th of January 1720 BIRTHDAY Charles De Geer, Swedish industrialist and entomologist (d. 1778)
30th of January 1754 BIRTHDAY John Lansing, Jr., American statesman (d. 1829)
30th of January 1781 BIRTHDAY Adelbert von Chamisso, German writer (d. 1838)
30th of January 1816 BIRTHDAY Nathaniel Prentice Banks, American politician, 25th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives and 24th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1894)
30th of January 1822 BIRTHDAY Franz Ritter von Hauer, Austrian geologist (d. 1899)
30th of January 1832 BIRTHDAY Infanta Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier (d. 1897)
30th of January 1841 BIRTHDAY Felix Faure, French politician (d. 1899)
30th of January 1859 BIRTHDAY Tony Mullane, Irish-born American baseball player (d. 1944)
30th of January 1861 BIRTHDAY Charles Martin Loeffler, German-born composer (d. 1935)
30th of January 1873 BIRTHDAY Georges Ricard-Cordingley, French painter (d. 1939)
30th of January 1878 BIRTHDAY Anton Hansen Tammsaare, Estonian author (d. 1940)
30th of January 1882 BIRTHDAY Franklin D. Roosevelt, American politician, 44th Governor of New York, and 32nd President of the United States (d. 1945)
30th of January 1889 BIRTHDAY Jaishankar Prasad, Indian poet and dramatist (d. 1937)
30th of January 1894 BIRTHDAY Tsar Boris III of Bulgaria (d. 1943)
30th of January 1899 BIRTHDAY Max Theiler, South African virologist, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1972)
30th of January 1901 BIRTHDAY Rudolf Caracciola, German race car driver (d. 1959)
30th of January 1902 BIRTHDAY Nikolaus Pevsner, German-born art historian (d. 1983)
30th of January 1910 BIRTHDAY C Subramaniam, Indian politician (d. 2000)
30th of January 1911 BIRTHDAY Roy Eldridge, American musician (d. 1989)
30th of January 1912 BIRTHDAY Werner Hartmann, German physicist (d. 1988)
30th of January 1912 BIRTHDAY Barbara W. Tuchman, American historian (d. 1989)
30th of January 1912 BIRTHDAY Francis Schaeffer, American theologian and pastor (d. 1984)
30th of January 1913 BIRTHDAY Percy Thrower, British Television Gardener (d. 1988)
30th of January 1914 BIRTHDAY David Wayne, American actor (d. 1995)
30th of January 1914 BIRTHDAY John Ireland, Canadian actor (d. 1992)
30th of January 1915 BIRTHDAY Joachim Peiper, German SS officer (d. 1976)
30th of January 1915 BIRTHDAY John Profumo, British cabinet minister (d. 2006)
30th of January 1917 BIRTHDAY Paul Frere, Belgian racing driver and motorsport journalist (d. 2008)
30th of January 1918 BIRTHDAY David Opatoshu, American television actor (d. 1996)
30th of January 1919 BIRTHDAY Nikolay Glazkov, Russian poet (d. 1979)
30th of January 1920 BIRTHDAY Carwood Lipton, American WWII veteran (d. 2001)
30th of January 1920 BIRTHDAY Delbert Mann, American film director (d. 2007)
30th of January 1920 BIRTHDAY Michael Anderson, English film director
30th of January 1922 BIRTHDAY Dick Martin, American comedian (d. 2008)
30th of January 1923 BIRTHDAY Walt Dropo, American baseball player (d. 2010)
30th of January 1924 BIRTHDAY Lloyd Alexander, American writer (d. 2007)
30th of January 1925 BIRTHDAY Douglas Engelbart, American computer scientist
30th of January 1925 BIRTHDAY Dorothy Malone, American actress
30th of January 1927 BIRTHDAY Bendapudi Venkata Satyanarayana, Indian dermatologist (d. 2005)
30th of January 1927 BIRTHDAY Olof Palme, Swedish politician (d. 1986)
30th of January 1928 BIRTHDAY Hal Prince, American stage producer and director
30th of January 1929 BIRTHDAY Lucille Teasdale-Corti, Canadian surgeon and aid worker (d. 1996)
30th of January 1930 BIRTHDAY Samuel Byck, American attempted assassin of Richard Nixon (d. 1974)
30th of January 1930 BIRTHDAY Sandy Amoros, Cuban baseball player (d. 1992)
30th of January 1930 BIRTHDAY Magnus Malan, South African politician
30th of January 1930 BIRTHDAY Gene Hackman, American actor
30th of January 1931 BIRTHDAY John Crosbie, Canadian politician
30th of January 1931 BIRTHDAY Shirley Hazzard, Australian-born author
30th of January 1931 BIRTHDAY Allan W. Eckert, American naturalist and author
30th of January 1932 BIRTHDAY Knock Yokoyama, Japanese comedian and politician
30th of January 1933 BIRTHDAY Louis Rukeyser, American journalist (d. 2006)
30th of January 1935 BIRTHDAY Richard Brautigan, American writer and poet (d. 1984)
30th of January 1936 BIRTHDAY Patrick Caulfield, British painter and printmaker (d. 2005)
30th of January 1936 BIRTHDAY F. Vernon Boozer, American politician
30th of January 1936 BIRTHDAY Horst Jankowski, German popular pianist (d. 1998)
30th of January 1937 BIRTHDAY Vanessa Redgrave, English actress
30th of January 1937 BIRTHDAY Boris Spassky, Russian chess player
30th of January 1937 BIRTHDAY Ed Hansen, American film director and editor (d. 2005)
30th of January 1938 BIRTHDAY Islom Karimov, Uzbekistani politician
30th of January 1941 BIRTHDAY Gregory Benford, American author and scientist
30th of January 1941 BIRTHDAY Dick Cheney, American politician, 7th White House Chief of Staff, Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Wyoming, 17th United States Secretary of Defense and 46th Vice President of the United States
30th of January 1941 BIRTHDAY Tineke Lagerberg, Dutch swimmer
30th of January 1942 BIRTHDAY Marty Balin, American musician
30th of January 1943 BIRTHDAY Davey Johnson, American baseball player and manager
30th of January 1945 BIRTHDAY Michael Dorris, American author (d. 1997)
30th of January 1947 BIRTHDAY Les Barker, English poet
30th of January 1947 BIRTHDAY Steve Marriott, English musician (Humble Pie, The Small Faces) (d. 1991)
30th of January 1948 BIRTHDAY Paul Magee, Irish IRA figure
30th of January 1948 BIRTHDAY Nick Broomfield, English documentarian
30th of January 1948 BIRTHDAY Miles Reid, English mathematician
30th of January 1949 BIRTHDAY Peter Agre, American biologist, Nobel laureate
30th of January 1950 BIRTHDAY Trinidad Silva, American actor (d. 1988)
30th of January 1951 BIRTHDAY Phil Collins, English musician
30th of January 1951 BIRTHDAY Charles S. Dutton, American actor
30th of January 1951 BIRTHDAY Bobby Stokes, English former footballer (d. 1995)
30th of January 1952 BIRTHDAY Doug Falconer, Canadian football player
30th of January 1955 BIRTHDAY John Baldacci, American politician
30th of January 1955 BIRTHDAY Curtis Strange, American golfer
30th of January 1955 BIRTHDAY Judith Tarr, American author
30th of January 1955 BIRTHDAY Mychal Thompson, Bahamian basketball player
30th of January 1956 BIRTHDAY Jeremy Gittins, English actor
30th of January 1956 BIRTHDAY Keiichi Tsuchiya, Japanese racing driver
30th of January 1957 BIRTHDAY Payne Stewart, American golfer (d. 1999)
30th of January 1958 BIRTHDAY Brett Butler, American actress and comedian
30th of January 1959 BIRTHDAY Mark Eitzel, American singer and musician (American Music Club)
30th of January 1959 BIRTHDAY Jody Watley, American singer
30th of January 1960 BIRTHDAY Alex Titomirov, Russian-born American businessman
30th of January 1961 BIRTHDAY Dexter Scott King, son of Martin Luther King, Jr. and Coretta Scott King
30th of January 1962 BIRTHDAY King Abdullah II of Jordan
30th of January 1962 BIRTHDAY Mary Kay Letourneau, former teacher
30th of January 1963 BIRTHDAY Tina Malone, English actress
30th of January 1964 BIRTHDAY Otis Smith, American basketball player
30th of January 1965 BIRTHDAY Julie McCullough, American model and actress
30th of January 1966 BIRTHDAY Danielle Goyette, Canadian ice hockey player
30th of January 1967 BIRTHDAY Jay Gordon, American musician
30th of January 1968 BIRTHDAY Trevor Dunn, American musician (Mr. Bungle, Fantomas, Secret Chiefs 3)
30th of January 1968 BIRTHDAY Prince Felipe of Spain
30th of January 1968 BIRTHDAY Tony Maudsley, British film actor
30th of January 1969 BIRTHDAY Carolyn Kepcher, American businesswoman and reality TV actor
30th of January 1971 BIRTHDAY Darren Boyd, British actor
30th of January 1971 BIRTHDAY Kimo von Oelhoffen, American football player
30th of January 1972 BIRTHDAY Lupillo Rivera, Mexican singer
30th of January 1972 BIRTHDAY Chris Simon, Canadian ice hockey player
30th of January 1973 BIRTHDAY Jalen Rose, American basketball player
30th of January 1974 BIRTHDAY Christian Bale, English actor
30th of January 1974 BIRTHDAY Olivia Colman, English actress
30th of January 1974 BIRTHDAY Jemima Khan, English socialite
30th of January 1975 BIRTHDAY Juninho Pernambucano, Brazilian footballer
30th of January 1975 BIRTHDAY Yumi Yoshimura, Japanese singer (Puffy Amiyumi)
30th of January 1976 BIRTHDAY Andy Milonakis, American comedian
30th of January 1977 BIRTHDAY Dan Hinote, American ice hockey player
30th of January 1977 BIRTHDAY Tom Malchow, American swimmer
30th of January 1977 BIRTHDAY Deltha O'Neal, American football player
30th of January 1978 BIRTHDAY John Patterson, American baseball player
30th of January 1978 BIRTHDAY Carmen Kung, Swiss curler
30th of January 1980 BIRTHDAY Leilani Dowding, British model
30th of January 1980 BIRTHDAY Josh Kelley, American musician
30th of January 1980 BIRTHDAY Pavel Ponomaryov, Russian-Estonian actor
30th of January 1980 BIRTHDAY Wilmer Valderrama, American actor
30th of January 1980 BIRTHDAY Joaozinho, Brazilian footballer
30th of January 1981 BIRTHDAY Dimitar Berbatov, Bulgarian footballer
30th of January 1981 BIRTHDAY Jonathan Bender, American basketball player
30th of January 1981 BIRTHDAY Peter Crouch, English footballer
30th of January 1981 BIRTHDAY Mathias Lauda, Austrian racing driver
30th of January 1982 BIRTHDAY DeSagana Diop, Senegalese basketball player
30th of January 1982 BIRTHDAY Jorge Cantu, Mexican baseball player
30th of January 1984 BIRTHDAY Jeremy Hermida, American baseball player
30th of January 1984 BIRTHDAY Kid Cudi, American hip hop performer
30th of January 1985 BIRTHDAY Aaadietya Pandey, Indian astrologer
30th of January 1985 BIRTHDAY Trae Williams, American football player
30th of January 1986 BIRTHDAY Sam Duckworth, British singer-songwriter
30th of January 1986 BIRTHDAY Nick Evans, American baseball player
30th of January 1987 BIRTHDAY Rebecca Knox, Irish professional wrestler
30th of January 1987 BIRTHDAY Renato Santos, Brazilian footballer
30th of January 1987 BIRTHDAY Arda Turan, Turkish footballer
30th of January 1988 BIRTHDAY Rob Pinkston, American actor
30th of January 1989 BIRTHDAY Khleo Thomas, American actor and rapper
30th of January 1990 BIRTHDAY Luca Sbisa, Swiss ice hockey player
30th of January 1990 BIRTHDAY Eiza Gonzalez, Mexican actress and singer
30th of January 1990 BIRTHDAY Jake Thomas, American actor
30th of January 2005 BIRTHDAY Prince Hashem bin Al Abdullah II of Jordan
30th of January 1030 DEATH William V, Duke of Aquitaine (Born 969)
30th of January 1181 DEATH Emperor Takakura of Japan (Born 1161)
30th of January 1384 DEATH Louis II of Flanders (Born 1330)
30th of January 1574 DEATH Damiao de Gois, Portuguese philosopher (Born 1502)
30th of January 1606 DEATH Everard Digby, English conspirator (Born 1578)
30th of January 1649 DEATH King Charles I of England (Born 1600)
30th of January 1730 DEATH Tsar Peter II of Russia (Born 1715)
30th of January 1836 DEATH Betsy Ross, American seamstress (Born 1752)
30th of January 1849 DEATH Jonathan Alder, American settler (Born 1773)
30th of January 1858 DEATH Coenraad Jacob Temminck, Dutch zoologist (Born 1778)
30th of January 1867 DEATH Emperor Komei of Japan (Born 1831)
30th of January 1869 DEATH William Carleton, Irish novelist (Born 1794)
30th of January 1889 DEATH Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria (Born 1858)
30th of January 1926 DEATH Barbara La Marr, American actress (Born 1896)
30th of January 1928 DEATH Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger, Danish scientist, Nobel laureate (Born 1867)
30th of January 1929 DEATH La Goulue, French dancer (Born 1866)
30th of January 1934 DEATH Frank Nelson Doubleday, American publisher (Born 1862)
30th of January 1948 DEATH Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Father of Nation, India (Born 1869)
30th of January 1948 DEATH Arthur Coningham, New Zealand air commander (Born 1895)
30th of January 1948 DEATH Orville Wright, American aviator (Born 1871)
30th of January 1951 DEATH Ferdinand Porsche, Austrian automotive engineer (Born 1875)
30th of January 1958 DEATH Jean Crotti, Swiss artist (Born 1878)
30th of January 1958 DEATH Ernst Heinkel, German aviation engineer (Born 1888)
30th of January 1962 DEATH Manuel de Abreu, Brazilian physician (Born 1894)
30th of January 1963 DEATH Francis Poulenc, French composer (Born 1899)
30th of January 1969 DEATH Dominique Pire, Belgian monk, Nobel laureate (Born 1910)
30th of January 1980 DEATH Professor Longhair, American musician (Born 1918)
30th of January 1982 DEATH Lightnin' Hopkins, American musician (Born 1912)
30th of January 1984 DEATH Luke Kelly, Irish singer (The Dubliners) (Born 1940)
30th of January 1984 DEATH Lee McCall, South African bank robber (Born 1950)
30th of January 1989 DEATH Alfonso, Duke of Anjou and Cadiz, Spanish pretender to the French throne (Born 1936)
30th of January 1991 DEATH Clifton C. Edom, American photojournalism educator (Born 1907)
30th of January 1991 DEATH John McIntire, American actor (Born 1907)
30th of January 1991 DEATH John Bardeen, American physicist, Nobel laureate (Born 1908)
30th of January 1994 DEATH Pierre Boulle, French author (Born 1912)
30th of January 1995 DEATH Gerald Durrell, British naturalist and television presenter (Born 1925)
30th of January 1998 DEATH Richard Cassilly, American tenor (Born 1927)
30th of January 1999 DEATH Ed Herlihy, American broadcaster (Born 1909)
30th of January 1999 DEATH Huntz Hall, American actor (Born 1919)
30th of January 2001 DEATH Jean-Pierre Aumont, French actor (Born 1911)
30th of January 2001 DEATH Joseph Ransohoff, American neurosurgeon (Born 1915)
30th of January 2001 DEATH Johnnie Johnson, British fighter pilot (Born 1915)
30th of January 2005 DEATH Wes Wehmiller, American musician (Born 1971)
30th of January 2005 DEATH Martyn Bennett, Canadian musician (Born 1971)
30th of January 2006 DEATH Coretta Scott King, American activist; widow of Martin Luther King, Jr. (Born 1927)
30th of January 2007 DEATH Sidney Sheldon, American author and screenwriter (Born 1917)
30th of January 2007 DEATH Nikos Kourkoulos, Greek actor (Born 1934)
30th of January 2008 DEATH Jeremy Beadle, British television host (Born 1948)
30th of January 2008 DEATH Roland Selmeczi, Hungarian actor (Born 1969)
30th of January 2008 DEATH Marcial Maciel, Mexican religious figure (Born 1920)
30th of January 2009 DEATH John Gordy, American football player (Born 1935)
30th of January 2009 DEATH Ingemar Johansson, Swedish boxer (Born 1932)
30th of January 2009 DEATH H. Guy Hunt, American politician (Born 1933)
30th of January 2010 DEATH Aaron Ruben, American television director (Born 1914)
30th of January 2010 DEATH Bernard Arcand, French-Canadian anthropologist (Born 1945)
30th of January 2011 DEATH John Barry, English film score composer (Born 1933)