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This Day On History
Date Description Type
8th of July 1099 EVENT First Crusade: 15,000 starving Christian soldiers march in a religious procession around Jerusalem as its Muslim defenders look on.
8th of July 1283 EVENT War of the Sicilian Vespers: the naval Battle of Malta between the Aragonese and the Neapolitan fleets is fought.
8th of July 1497 EVENT Vasco da Gama sets sail on the first direct European voyage to India.
8th of July 1579 EVENT Our Lady of Kazan, a holy icon of the Russian Orthodox Church, is discovered underground in the city of Kazan, Tatarstan.
8th of July 1663 EVENT Charles II of England grants John Clarke a Royal Charter to Rhode Island.
8th of July 1680 EVENT The first confirmed tornado in America kills a servant at Cambridge, Massachusetts.
8th of July 1709 EVENT Great Northern War: Battle of Poltava : Peter I of Russia defeats Charles XII of Sweden at Poltava thus effectively ending Sweden's role as a major power in Europe.
8th of July 1716 EVENT Great Northern War: the naval Battle of Dynekilen takes place.
8th of July 1758 EVENT French forces hold Fort Carillon against the British at Ticonderoga, New York.
8th of July 1760 EVENT French and Indian War: Battle of Restigouche : British forces defeat French forces in last naval battle in New France.
8th of July 1775 EVENT The Olive Branch Petition is signed by the Continental Congress of the Thirteen Colonies.
8th of July 1776 EVENT The Declaration of Independence is read aloud in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and the Liberty Bell is rung.
8th of July 1822 EVENT Chippewas turn over huge tract of land in Ontario to the United Kingdom.
8th of July 1853 EVENT Commodore Perry sails into Tokyo Bay.
8th of July 1859 EVENT King Charles XV & IV accedes to the throne of Sweden-Norway.
8th of July 1864 EVENT Ikedaya Jiken: the Choshu Han shishi's planned Shinsengumi sabotage on Kyoto, Japan at Ikedaya.
8th of July 1874 EVENT The Mounties begin their March West.
8th of July 1876 EVENT White supremacists kill five Black Republicans in Hamburg, SC.
8th of July 1879 EVENT Sailing ship USS Jeannette (1878) departs San Francisco carrying an ill-fated expedition to the North Pole.
8th of July 1889 EVENT The first issue of the Wall Street Journal is published.
8th of July 1892 EVENT St. John's, Newfoundland is devastated in the Great Fire of 1892.
8th of July 1896 EVENT William Jennings Bryan delivers his Cross of Gold speech advocating bimetalism at the 1896 Democratic National Convention in Chicago.
8th of July 1898 EVENT The death of crime boss Soapy Smith (who is shot) releases Skagway, Alaska from his iron grip.
8th of July 1907 EVENT Florenz Ziegfeld staged his first Follies on the roof of the New York Theater in New York City.
8th of July 1932 EVENT The Dow Jones Industrial Average reaches its lowest level of the Great Depression, bottoming out at 41.22.
8th of July 1947 EVENT Reports are broadcast that a UFO crash landed in Roswell, New Mexico.
8th of July 1948 EVENT The United States Air Force accepts its first female recruits into a program called Women in the Air Force (WAF).
8th of July 1960 EVENT Francis Gary Powers is charged with espionage resulting from his flight over the Soviet Union.
8th of July 1962 EVENT Ne Win besieges and dynamites the Rangoon University Student Union building to crash the Student Movement.
8th of July 1965 EVENT Train robber Ronald Biggs escapes from Wandsworth Prison, London.
8th of July 1966 EVENT King Mwambutsa IV Bangiriceng of Burundi is deposed by his son Prince Charles Ndizi.
8th of July 1968 EVENT The Municipality of General Santos is converted into a City status, named General Santos City.
8th of July 1969 EVENT IBM CICS is made generally available for the 360 mainframe computer.
8th of July 1970 EVENT Richard Nixon delivers a special congressional message enunciating Native American Self-Determination as official US Indian policy, leading to the Indian Self-Determination Act.
8th of July 1982 EVENT Assassination attempt against Iraqi president Saddam Hussein in Dujail.
8th of July 1982 EVENT The Senegalese Trotskyist political party LCT is legally recognized.
8th of July 1992 EVENT The Conference for Security and Co-operation in Europe creates the office of High Commissioner on National Minorities.
8th of July 1994 EVENT Kim Jong-il assumes office as Supreme Leader of North Korea after the death of his father, Kim Il-sung.
8th of July 1996 EVENT A schizophrenic man armed with a machete wounds three children and four adults at a primary school in Wolverhampton, England. Teacher Lisa Potts received the George Medal for protecting her pupils, despite being severely injured.
8th of July 1997 EVENT NATO invites the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland to join the alliance in 1999.
8th of July 1999 EVENT Allen Lee Davis is executed by electric chair by the state of Florida, the last use of the electric chair for capital punishment in Florida.
8th of July 2007 EVENT Boeing unveiled its first 787 in a roll-out ceremony at its Everett assembly factory.
8th of July 1528 BIRTHDAY Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy (d. 1580)
8th of July 1545 BIRTHDAY Carlos, Prince of Asturias (d. 1568)
8th of July 1593 BIRTHDAY Artemisia Gentileschi, Italian painter (d. 1653)
8th of July 1621 BIRTHDAY Jean de la Fontaine, French writer (d. 1695)
8th of July 1760 BIRTHDAY Christian Kramp, French mathematician (d. 1826)
8th of July 1766 BIRTHDAY Dominique Jean Larrey, French surgeon (d. 1842)
8th of July 1792 BIRTHDAY Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen, Queen of Bavaria (d. 1854)
8th of July 1819 BIRTHDAY Francis Leopold McClintock, British naval officer and explorer (d. 1907)
8th of July 1830 BIRTHDAY Frederick William Seward, 6th and 11th United States Assistant Secretary of State (d. 1915)
8th of July 1830 BIRTHDAY Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Altenburg, German-born wife of Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich of Russia (d. 1911)
8th of July 1831 BIRTHDAY John Stith Pemberton, American druggist and inventor of Coca-Cola (d. 1888)
8th of July 1836 BIRTHDAY Joseph Chamberlain, British politician (d. 1914)
8th of July 1838 BIRTHDAY Ferdinand von Zeppelin, German inventor (d. 1917)
8th of July 1839 BIRTHDAY John D. Rockefeller, American industrialist and philanthropist (d. 1937)
8th of July 1851 BIRTHDAY Arthur Evans, English archaeologist (d. 1941)
8th of July 1857 BIRTHDAY Alfred Binet, French psychologist (d. 1911)
8th of July 1867 BIRTHDAY Kathe Kollwitz, German painter, printmaker and sculptor (d. 1945)
8th of July 1878 BIRTHDAY Jimmy Quinn, Scottish footballer (d. 1945)
8th of July 1882 BIRTHDAY Percy Grainger, Australian composer (d. 1961)
8th of July 1885 BIRTHDAY Ernst Bloch, German philosopher (d. 1977)
8th of July 1892 BIRTHDAY Richard Aldington, English poet (d. 1962)
8th of July 1892 BIRTHDAY Pavel Korin, Russian painter (d. 1967)
8th of July 1895 BIRTHDAY Igor Tamm, Russian physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1971)
8th of July 1898 BIRTHDAY Melville Ruick, American actor (d. 1972)
8th of July 1904 BIRTHDAY Henri Cartan, French mathematician (d. 2008)
8th of July 1905 BIRTHDAY Leonid Amalrik, Russian animator (d. 1997)
8th of July 1906 BIRTHDAY Philip Johnson, American architect (d. 2005)
8th of July 1907 BIRTHDAY George W. Romney, American businessman and politician (d. 1995)
8th of July 1908 BIRTHDAY Louis Jordan, American saxophonist (d. 1975)
8th of July 1908 BIRTHDAY Nelson A. Rockefeller, 41st Vice President of the United States (d. 1979)
8th of July 1914 BIRTHDAY Billy Eckstine, American jazz singer (d. 1993)
8th of July 1914 BIRTHDAY Jyoti Basu, Indian politician (d. 2010)
8th of July 1917 BIRTHDAY Faye Emerson, American actress (d. 1983)
8th of July 1918 BIRTHDAY Craig Stevens, American actor (d. 2000)
8th of July 1918 BIRTHDAY Paul B. Fay, American businessman and cabinet member in the Kennedy administration (d. 2009)
8th of July 1919 BIRTHDAY Walter Scheel, German politician
8th of July 1920 BIRTHDAY Godtfred Kirk Christiansen, Danish industrialist (Lego Group) (d. 1995)
8th of July 1923 BIRTHDAY Harrison Dillard, American sprinter and hurdler
8th of July 1924 BIRTHDAY Johnnie Johnson, American blues pianist (d. 2005)
8th of July 1926 BIRTHDAY Elisabeth Kubler-Ross, Swiss-born psychiatrist (d. 2004)
8th of July 1927 BIRTHDAY Maurice Hayes, Irish politician
8th of July 1931 BIRTHDAY Roone Arledge, American sports broadcaster
8th of July 1932 BIRTHDAY Jerry Vale, American singer
8th of July 1933 BIRTHDAY Antonio Lamer, French Canadian lawyer and chief justice (d. 2007)
8th of July 1934 BIRTHDAY Ed Lumley, Canadian corporate executive and politician
8th of July 1934 BIRTHDAY Marty Feldman, English comedian and actor (d. 1982)
8th of July 1935 BIRTHDAY Steve Lawrence, American entertainer and singer
8th of July 1935 BIRTHDAY Vitali Sevastyanov, Russian cosmonaut
8th of July 1940 BIRTHDAY Ben Chapman, English politician and civil servant
8th of July 1941 BIRTHDAY Dario Gradi, Italian-born English football manager
8th of July 1942 BIRTHDAY Phil Gramm, American politician
8th of July 1942 BIRTHDAY Janice Pennington, American game show model
8th of July 1944 BIRTHDAY Jai Johanny Johanson, American drummer and percussionist (The Allman Brothers Band)
8th of July 1944 BIRTHDAY Jeffrey Tambor, American actor
8th of July 1945 BIRTHDAY Micheline Calmy-Rey, Swiss politician
8th of July 1947 BIRTHDAY Kim Darby, American actress
8th of July 1947 BIRTHDAY Luis Fernando Figari, Peruvian founder of Sodalitium Christianae Vitae
8th of July 1948 BIRTHDAY Raffi, Egyptian born Canadian children's entertainer
8th of July 1949 BIRTHDAY Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy, Indian politician, the 14th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh (d. 2009)
8th of July 1949 BIRTHDAY Frank Delima, American comedian
8th of July 1949 BIRTHDAY Dale Hoganson, Canadian ice hockey player
8th of July 1949 BIRTHDAY Wolfgang Puck, Austrian-born celebrity chef
8th of July 1951 BIRTHDAY Anjelica Huston, American actress
8th of July 1952 BIRTHDAY Jack Lambert, American football player
8th of July 1952 BIRTHDAY Marianne Williamson, American spiritual activist and founder of the Peace Alliance
8th of July 1952 BIRTHDAY Anna Quindlen, American newspaper columnist
8th of July 1955 BIRTHDAY Monty Don, TV presenter, gardener
8th of July 1955 BIRTHDAY Alison Fraser, American actress
8th of July 1955 BIRTHDAY Mihaela Mitrache, Romanian actress (d. 2008)
8th of July 1956 BIRTHDAY Terry Puhl, Canadian baseball player
8th of July 1957 BIRTHDAY Aleksandr Gurnov, Russian television personality
8th of July 1957 BIRTHDAY Carlos Cavazo, Mexican-born American guitarist (Quiet Riot, Ratt)
8th of July 1958 BIRTHDAY Kevin Bacon, American actor
8th of July 1958 BIRTHDAY Tzipi Livni, Israeli politician
8th of July 1958 BIRTHDAY Neetu Singh, Indian actress
8th of July 1958 BIRTHDAY Andreas Carlgren, Swedish politician
8th of July 1959 BIRTHDAY Robert Knepper, American actor
8th of July 1959 BIRTHDAY Pauline Quirke, British actress
8th of July 1960 BIRTHDAY Mal Meninga, Australian rugby league footballer
8th of July 1961 BIRTHDAY Andrew Fletcher, English vocalist and synth and bass player (Depeche Mode)
8th of July 1961 BIRTHDAY Toby Keith, American country music singer-songwriter
8th of July 1962 BIRTHDAY Joan Osborne, American singer and songwriter
8th of July 1962 BIRTHDAY Carmen Nicole Moelders American atmospheric scientist
8th of July 1963 BIRTHDAY Mark Christopher, American film director
8th of July 1964 BIRTHDAY Alexei Gusarov, Russian ice hockey player
8th of July 1964 BIRTHDAY Linda de Mol, Dutch actress and host
8th of July 1965 BIRTHDAY Lee Tergesen, American actor
8th of July 1966 BIRTHDAY Ralf Altmeyer, German virologist
8th of July 1966 BIRTHDAY Shadlog Bernicke, Nauruan politician
8th of July 1967 BIRTHDAY Jordan Chan, Hong Kong actor and singer
8th of July 1968 BIRTHDAY Akio Suyama, Japanese seiyu
8th of July 1968 BIRTHDAY Thom Fitzgerald, American-Canadian film director
8th of July 1968 BIRTHDAY Shane Howarth, New Zealand rugby player (also capped by Wales)
8th of July 1968 BIRTHDAY Billy Crudup, American actor
8th of July 1968 BIRTHDAY Michael Weatherly, American actor
8th of July 1969 BIRTHDAY Sugizo Japanese guitarist and singer (Luna Sea)
8th of July 1970 BIRTHDAY Beck, American singer
8th of July 1971 BIRTHDAY Amanda Peterson, American actress
8th of July 1971 BIRTHDAY Neil Jenkins, Welsh rugby player
8th of July 1971 BIRTHDAY John Juanda, Indonesian poker player
8th of July 1972 BIRTHDAY Karl Dykhuis, Canadian ice hockey player
8th of July 1972 BIRTHDAY Shosuke Tanihara, Japanese actor
8th of July 1972 BIRTHDAY Sourav Ganguly, Indian cricketer
8th of July 1973 BIRTHDAY Kathleen Robertson, Canadian actress
8th of July 1974 BIRTHDAY Tami Erin, American actress and model
8th of July 1974 BIRTHDAY Zhanna Friske, Russian actress and singer
8th of July 1975 BIRTHDAY Elias Viljanen, Finnish guitarist (Sonata Arctica)
8th of July 1976 BIRTHDAY David Kennedy, American guitarist (Angels & Airwaves)
8th of July 1976 BIRTHDAY Talal El Karkouri, Moroccan footballer
8th of July 1977 BIRTHDAY Wang Zhizhi, Chinese basketball player
8th of July 1977 BIRTHDAY Milo Ventimiglia, American actor
8th of July 1977 BIRTHDAY Paolo Tiralongo, Italian cyclist
8th of July 1978 BIRTHDAY Rachael Lillis, American actress
8th of July 1978 BIRTHDAY Eve Myles, Welsh actress
8th of July 1979 BIRTHDAY Mat McBriar, American football player
8th of July 1979 BIRTHDAY Andre, Armenian singer
8th of July 1980 BIRTHDAY Robbie Keane, Irish footballer
8th of July 1981 BIRTHDAY Anastasia Myskina, Russian tennis player
8th of July 1982 BIRTHDAY Hakim Warrick, American basketball player
8th of July 1982 BIRTHDAY Sophia Bush, American actress
8th of July 1982 BIRTHDAY Joshua Alba, American actor
8th of July 1983 BIRTHDAY John Bowker, American baseball player
8th of July 1983 BIRTHDAY Jaroslav Janis, Czech racing car driver
8th of July 1983 BIRTHDAY Daniel Navarro Garcia, Spanish cyclist
8th of July 1984 BIRTHDAY Alexis Dziena, American actress
8th of July 1985 BIRTHDAY Jamie Cook, British guitarist (Arctic Monkeys)
8th of July 1986 BIRTHDAY Jake McDorman, American actor
8th of July 1986 BIRTHDAY Renata Costa (Koki), Brazilian footballer
8th of July 1987 BIRTHDAY Vlada Roslyakova, Russian model
8th of July 1988 BIRTHDAY Jesse Sergent, New Zealand cyclist
8th of July 1988 BIRTHDAY Dave Taylor, Australian rugby league player
8th of July 1992 BIRTHDAY Sky Ferreira, American singer
8th of July 1992 BIRTHDAY Benjamin Grosvenor, British pianist
8th of July 1998 BIRTHDAY Jaden Smith, American actor
8th of July 2000 BIRTHDAY Sophie Nyweide, American actress
8th of July 2001 BIRTHDAY Yang Peiyi, Chinese singer
8th of July 0810 DEATH King Pepin of Italy, son of Charlemagne (Born 773)
8th of July 0901 DEATH Grimbald, Benedectine monk and Saint (Born 827)
8th of July 0975 DEATH Edgar the Peaceful, King of England (Born 943)
8th of July 1153 DEATH Pope Eugene III (Born c. 1087)
8th of July 1538 DEATH Diego de Almagro, Spanish explorer (Born 1475)
8th of July 1623 DEATH Pope Gregory XV (Born 1554)
8th of July 1689 DEATH Edward Wooster, English-born Connecticut pioneer (Born 1622)
8th of July 1695 DEATH Christiaan Huygens, Dutch mathematician, astronomer, physicist and horologist (Born 1629)
8th of July 1716 DEATH Robert South, English churchman (Born 1634)
8th of July 1721 DEATH Elihu Yale, American benefactor of Yale University (Born 1649)
8th of July 1726 DEATH John Ker, Scottish spy (Born 1673)
8th of July 1784 DEATH Torbern Bergman, Swedish chemist (Born 1735)
8th of July 1822 DEATH Percy Bysshe Shelley, English poet (Born 1792)
8th of July 1826 DEATH Luther Martin, American statesman (Born 1748)
8th of July 1850 DEATH Prince Adolphus, 1st Duke of Cambridge (Born 1774)
8th of July 1855 DEATH Sir William Edward Parry, English Arctic explorer (Born 1790)
8th of July 1859 DEATH King Oscar I of Sweden and Norway (Born 1799)
8th of July 1887 DEATH Ben Holladay, American businessman and founder of the Overland Stagecoach Company (Born 1819)
8th of July 1895 DEATH Johann Josef Loschmidt, Austrian chemist and physicist (Born 1821)
8th of July 1898 DEATH Soapy Smith, American con artist and gangster (Born 1860)
8th of July 1905 DEATH Walter Kittredge, American violinist and abolitionist (Born 1834)
8th of July 1913 DEATH Louis Hemon, French-born Canadian writer (Born 1880)
8th of July 1917 DEATH Tom Thomson, Canadian painter (Born 1877)
8th of July 1930 DEATH Sir Joseph Ward, 17th Prime Minister of New Zealand (Born 1856)
8th of July 1933 DEATH Anthony Hope, British author (Born 1863)
8th of July 1934 DEATH Benjamin Baillaud, French astronomer (Born 1848)
8th of July 1939 DEATH Havelock Ellis, British physician (Born 1859)
8th of July 1941 DEATH Moses Schorr, Polish rabbi, senator, historian and orientalist (Born 1874)
8th of July 1943 DEATH Jean Moulin, French Resistance leader (Born 1899)
8th of July 1950 DEATH Othmar Spann, Austrian philosopher (Born 1878)
8th of July 1956 DEATH Giovanni Papini, Italian essayist (Born 1881)
8th of July 1957 DEATH Grace Coolidge, First Lady of the United States (Born 1879)
8th of July 1961 DEATH Konstantinos Logothetopoulos, Greek medical doctor and politician, the 2nd Prime Minister of the collaborationist Hellenic State (Born 1878)
8th of July 1962 DEATH Georges Bataille, French writer and philosopher (Born 1897)
8th of July 1967 DEATH Fatima Jinnah, Pakistani political figure (Born 1893)
8th of July 1971 DEATH Charlie Shavers, American jazz trumpet player (Born 1920)
8th of July 1973 DEATH Ben-Zion Dinur, Russian-born Israeli educator, historian and politician (Born 1884)
8th of July 1973 DEATH Wilfred Rhodes, English cricketer (Born 1877)
8th of July 1979 DEATH Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Japanese physicist, Nobel laureate (Born 1906)
8th of July 1979 DEATH Robert Burns Woodward, American chemist, Nobel laureate (Born 1917)
8th of July 1979 DEATH Michael Wilding, English actor (Born 1912)
8th of July 1981 DEATH Wild Bill Hallahan, American baseball player (Born 1902)
8th of July 1986 DEATH Skeeter Webb, American baseball player (Born 1909)
8th of July 1987 DEATH Gerardo Diego, Spanish poet (Born 1896)
8th of July 1987 DEATH Lionel Chevrier, Canadian politician (Born 1903)
8th of July 1988 DEATH Ray Barbuti, American middle distance runner and football player (Born 1905)
8th of July 1990 DEATH Howard Duff, American actor (Born 1913)
8th of July 1991 DEATH James Franciscus, American actor (Born 1934)
8th of July 1994 DEATH Lars-Eric Lindblad, Swedish-born American entrepreneur and explorer (Born 1927)
8th of July 1994 DEATH Christian-Jaque, French film director and screenwriter (Born 1904)
8th of July 1994 DEATH Dick Sargent, American actor (Born 1930)
8th of July 1994 DEATH Kim Il-sung, North Korean leader (Born 1912)
8th of July 1999 DEATH Pete Conrad, American astronaut (Born 1930)
8th of July 2001 DEATH John O'Shea, New Zealand film director (Born 1920)
8th of July 2002 DEATH Ward Kimball, American animator (Born 1914)
8th of July 2004 DEATH Paula Danziger, American author (Born 1944)
8th of July 2004 DEATH Jean Lefebvre, French actor (Born 1922)
8th of July 2006 DEATH June Allyson, American actress (Born 1917)
8th of July 2006 DEATH Peter Hawkins, British actor and voice actor (Born 1924)
8th of July 2008 DEATH John Templeton, British businessman and philanthropist (Born 1912)