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Putting Management Theories Into Practice
The key to successful management is putting management theories into practice. However, it is a challenging task.
14:25 12 December 2022
There are many different management theories. These theories can be divided into categories: Fayol's administrative theory, Taylor's scientific management theory, Weber's bureaucratic theory, and Systems theory. The key to successful management is putting these theories into practice. However, it is a challenging task.
Fayol's administrative theory
Fayol's administrative theory is a fundamental part of management study and is widely recognized as the first work on the subject. Believed the French economist to be the first to write my essay systematically about management. His General and Industrial Management is still one of the standard texts in introductory management courses. Fayol's theory was also widely regarded as the beginning of the classical management movement.
Entirely focused on the organization of work and proposed functional departments and work groups as a means to improve efficiency and effectiveness. They believed that the more streamlined management is, the more influential the organization will be. This approach is known as "top-down management" and contrasts the scientific approach to management, which emphasizes a bottom-up approach.
Taylor's scientific management theory
Frederick Taylor developed Taylor's scientific management theory in the early 1900s. He was a mechanical engineer interested in increasing efficiency and productivity in workshop settings. He observed how managers interacted with employees and formulated his theory based on these observations. The idea is a good fit for organizations performing routine manufacturing tasks. However, it only works well for knowledge-based or essay service organizations.
Taylor's scientific management theory is an influential theory that profoundly influences management science worldwide. But Taylor's work is still subject to criticism and needs further study in many fields. The most prominent criticism of this theory is the dehumanization of workers, which can lead to poor working conditions.
Weber's bureaucratic theory
Max Weber's bureaucratic theory argues that organizations should be organized into layers under the higher-ups' supervision. It ensures that employees are held accountable for their actions and that decisions are made quickly and effectively. This system of management also establishes clear lines of communication and responsibilities.
Despite its longstanding use in management, Weber's theory must account for the changing environment. In the current climate of globalization, organizations have to take advantage of new technology to stay competitive. Nevertheless, the bureaucratic approach has retained its practicality. Therefore, we must modify the theory to remain effective and efficient in today's environment.
One of the defining features of Weber's bureaucratic theory is that employees should not interfere with one another's affairs. Instead, employee communication should be rational, with no emotional factors involved. Moreover, the managerial structure is organized into layers, and each layer's managers are responsible for their teams' performance.
Systems theory is a branch of management theory that considers the relationship between an organization and its external environment. It argues that no executive action is best in every situation. Therefore, the design and decision-making process should be tailored to the problem. This branch of management theory is also referred to as a situational theory. However, unlike other components of management theory, it does not provide a prescriptive approach to organizational design and decision-making.
Systems theory has many limitations. It is abstract and difficult to apply to large, complex organizations of essay writer. It also does not address social and power inequalities. Its origins go back to the 1947 work of Herbert Simon, who introduced the concept of systems in decision-making. He later introduced concepts such as bounded rationality and moving needs. He later developed the General System Theory, a framework for explaining the interaction between different parts of an organization.
Contingency theory is a management theory that focuses on adjusting to environmental changes. The theory is about changing management policies, organizational forms, and leadership styles to address the organization's needs. It encourages flexibility and adaptive thinking to adapt to various situations and challenges.
Contingency theory is based on the premise that all management is situational and that all decisions must consider the external and internal contingencies of the organization. In other words, all decisions must consider the environment to the best of the manager. This theory also emphasizes the need for leaders to be flexible and assess the changing dynamics in an organization.
Several behavioral theories are based on the contingency theory. One of these theories is the contingency model, which Fred Fiedler popularized. Its two components are task motivation and relation motivation. As a result, leaders should use different management styles depending on the environment.